ANCESTOR ROOTS INFORMATION: A To Z COUNTRY WEBLIOGRAPHY INDEX
Family Genealogy & History Internet Education Directory™ - Wiki              |           SEARCH This Site
   Cemeteries: Funerals & Obits - Info    Census & Population: CoN - MN - National    Databases: General - USA 
   Emigration & Migration: C&N - RM - T&M    Inheritance & Wills (Probate)    Land: Property Records
   Lookups & Volunteers    Social Security International: USA    Vital Records: Specific - Worldwide
   C1 North America | MA Middle America | CR Caribbean | CA Central America | C1/2 Latin America | C2 South America
   C3 Europe | CE Central Europe | EE Eastern Europe | SE Southern Europe | WE Western Europe
   C4 Asia | CA Central Asia | ME Middle East | C5 Australasia / Pacific | C6 Africa | NA North Africa | SA South Africa | C7 Oceans

A - ZCOUNTRIES WORLDWIDE: Schools - Colleges - Universities: Alumni & Genealogy Education
           
Instructions for Use of Country - Nation Area Index: A to Z at Ancestor Roots Information

C1:    NORTH AMERICA
         Canada
Data
         United States -- U.S. Individual STATE Information

MA:   MIDDLE AMERICA
         Mexico Country
CR:   CARIBBEAN REGION
         Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Aruba - Bahamas - Barbados - Cayman Islands - Cuba
         Dominica - Dominican Republic - Grenada - Guadeloupe - Haiti - Jamaica - Martinique
         Montserrat - Netherlands Antilles - Puerto Rico - St. Barthelemy - St. Kitts & Nevis - St. Lucia
         St. Martin - St. Vincent & the Grenadines - Trinidad & Tobago - Turks & Caicos - Virgin Islands

CA:   CENTRAL AMERICA

         Belize - Costa Rica  - El Salvador - Guatemala - Honduras - Nicaragua - Panama
C1/2: LATIN AMERICAN: [Hispanic - Latino & Iberian Region]
C2:    SOUTH AMERICA
         Argentina - Bolivia - Brazil - Chile - Colombia - Ecuador - French Guiana
         Guyana - Paraguay - Peru - Suriname - Uruguay - Venezuela

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C3:    EUROPE - EUROPEAN
CE:    CENTRAL & NORTH-WEST Europe

         Germany - Liechtenstein - Poland - Switzerland
         Baltic States
         Estonia - Latvia - Lithuania
         Benelux Region
         Belgium - Luxembourg - Netherlands
         Frisian Region
         Scandinavian Region & Nordic Countries

         Denmark: [Islands (Greenland)] - Finland - Iceland - Norway - Sweden
EE:    EASTERN Europe
         Austria - Belarus - Czech Republic: (Czechoslovakia) - Hungary
         Moldova - Russia - Slovakia - Ukraine

SE:   SOUTHERN Europe (Mediterranean)
         France [Islands] - Italy: [Islands - San Marino - Vatican City] - Malta - Monaco
         Balkan Region
         Albania - Bosnia & Herzegovina - Bulgaria - Croatia - Greece - Kosovo - Montenegro
         North Macedonia - Romania - Serbia - Slovenia - Turkish Thrace - Yugoslavia
         Iberian Region
         Andorra - Gibraltar - Portugal [Islands] - Spain [Islands]

WE:   WESTERN Europe - British Isles
         Ireland
         United Kingdom
         England & Wales: [England (London) - Wales] - Northern Ireland - Scotland - Territories

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C4:    ASIA

         Bangladesh - Bhutan - Brunei - Cambodia - China: [Hong Kong - Macau] - East Timor
         India - Indonesia - Japan - Korea: [North Korea - South Korea] - Laos - Malaysia
         Maldives - Mongolia - Myanmar (Burma) - Nepal - Pakistan - Philippines - Singapore
         Sri Lanka - Taiwan - Thailand - Tibet - Vietnam

CA:    CENTRAL Asia
         Afghanistan - Armenia - Azerbaijan - Georgia - Kazakhstan
         Kyrgyzstan - Tajikistan - Turkmenistan - Uzbekistan

ME:   MIDDLE EAST - Asia
         Bahrain - Cyprus - Iran - Iraq - Israel - Jordan - Kuwait - Lebanon - Oman - Palestine
         Qatar - Saudi Arabia - Syria - Turkey - United Arab Emirates - Yemen

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C5:    AUSTRALASIA + OCEANIA
         Australia [Islands] - New Zealand [Islands]
         Pacific Islands
Area
         American Samoa - Fiji - French Polynesia - Guam - Kiribati - Marshall Islands - Micronesia - Midway
         Nauru - New Caledonia - Northern Mariana Islands - Palau - Papua New Guinea - Pitcairn Islands
         Samoa - Solomon Islands - Tonga - Tuvalu - US Other Pacific Islands - Vanuatu - Wallis & Futuna

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C6:    AFRICA
NA:   NORTHERN Africa & Middle East
         Algeria - Egypt - Libya - Morocco - Tunisia - Western Sahara
SA:   SOUTHERN Africa

         Angola - Benin - Botswana - Burkina Faso - Burundi - Cabo Verde - Cameroon - Central African Republic
         Chad - Comoros (Mayotte) - Congo: [Democratic Republic & Republic of] - Cote d'Ivoire - Djibouti
         Equatorial Guinea - Eritrea - Eswatini - Ethiopia - Gabon - GambiaGhana - Guinea - Guinea-Bissau
         Kenya - Lesotho - Liberia - Madagascar - Malawi - Mali - Mauritania - Mauritius - Mozambique
         Namibia - Niger - Nigeria - Reunion - Rwanda - Sao Tome & Principe - Senegal - Seychelles
         Sierra Leone - Somalia - South Africa - South Sudan - Sudan - Tanzania - Togo - Uganda
         Zambia - Zimbabwe

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C7:   ANTARCTICA To ARCTIC - ATLANTIC OCEAN ISLANDS
         Antarctic - Arctic - Atlantic Ocean Islands: Bermuda
         Falkland - Saint Helena - Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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OneSource Genealogy and Family History Searchable Databases
Alphabetic History of Civilization: Ancient & Modern Genealogies
  Strange Inheritance: Strange Inheritance® | Fox Business
World Ancestry - Roots In Antiquity

CEMETERIES, FUNERAL HOMES and OBITUARIES: Dolmen - Funerary Art - Tumulus
WORLDWIDE OBITUARY DATABASE / CEMETERY FILE: UPDATE
The dead may outnumber the living on Facebook® within 50 years.
" . . . Beyond the edge of time, there is a place where happiness
and rest wait hand in hand, and sunlight skips across the very
face of God.  It is a place where everlasting peace has embraced
your loved one and taken this very special person home. . . .
a loving God always knows best."  
- Poem by Linda E. Knight
Sites of Memory:
Historical Markers, Memorials, Monuments and Cemeteries.
* Cemetery:
Cemeteries by Country - List of Cemeteries
  - Cemeteries & Cemetery Records: Interment.net
    - Electronic Journal Devoted to Cemeteries
  -
Cemeteries and Cemetery Symbols
    Exploring the meaning of cemetery symbols and other graveyard mysteries.
  -
Cemeteries, Graveyards, Burying Grounds
    Links to resources on cemetery history and preservation.
  -
Cemetery & Tombstone Transcriptions & Burial Registers Online (archived)
  -
Cemetery - General - Genealogy.com
  - Effigies & Brasses: Database & Image Collection
    Images and links of European medieval monumental tombs.
  -
Find A Grave™: Find A Grave™
    -
Find A Grave In Scotland
    - Find A Grave Volunteers
  -
Genealogy, I am Doing It...Plotting a Trip to the Cemetery | Meridian Magazine
  -
Headstone
    - AGS: The Association for Gravestone Studies
    -
BillionGraves: Countries
      Records, images, associated GPS data for exact
      Google™ Maps global cemetery marker location.
    -
Canadian Headstones
  - List of Tombs & Mausoleums
    - Mausoleum: List of Mausolea (by country)
  -
Saving Graves
   
Educate and assist in the worldwide networking
    of people interested in protecting, restoring and
    preserving historic cemeteries.
*
Commemorative Plaque: The Historical Marker Database
  -
Geographic Lists of Historical Markers
*
Cyndi's List - Cemeteries & Funeral Homes
* Funeral: Funeral Home
  - Funeral Customs - Keyword Search Results
    Free and subscription Questia.com encyclopedic information.
  - Internet Directory of World Wide Funeral Homes
* Memorial and Monument: Monuments & Memorials by Country
  -
Church Monuments Society: Links

  - Death Memorials in the WWW
  - Handbook for Identification, Care and Repair of Monuments (pdf)
  -
List of Noted Memorials: War Memorial
  -
Memory Medallion®
    -
Lives of the Dead Come to Life on Tombstones | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
  - Monumental Archive Project
  - Online Memorial: Death and the Internet - Social Profiling
* Obituary: Lists of Notable Deaths by Year - Current to A.D. 2019
  -
Ancestry.com - Obituaries
  -
Cyndi's List - Obituaries
  - How to Find an Obituary . . . That's Not Online
  - Obituaries, Newspapers, Death Records, and More! - MyHeritage
  -
Obituaries - Obituaries
  - Obituaries (Public Libraries)
  -
Obituary Daily Times
    Index of published obituaries world wide.
  - World Newspapers Listed by Country | Paperboy Online Newspapers
    - Australian Newspapers | Paperboy Australian Edition (Search Obituaries)
    - Canadian Obituaries, 1997-2017 - MyHeritage
    - Obituaries 101 (Canada)
* People Legacy
  Burial records: gravesite, tombstone photo and death date.
* Resource Information:
Thanatology
  - Antiquus Morbus (archived)
   
Genealogist's resource for interpreting causes of death.
    -
List A - List B - List C - List D - List E - List F - List G - List H - List I - List J
     
List K - List L - List M - List N - List O - List P - List Q - List R - List S - List T
     
List U - List V - List W - List X - List Y - List Z
  -
Archaeology of Graveyards - Department of Archaeology
    Classics and Egyptology - University of Liverpool.
  - Association for Death Education and Counseling®:
Resources
    The Thanatology Association®:
Organizations and Links
  - Blog of Death
  - Coping With Loss
    Helpful Websites on Grief & Bereavement.
  - Death Customs

  -
Encyclopedia of Death, Dying and Funerals - Sysoon [en]
  - Handbook of Death and Dying - Google™ Books
    Particular patterns of death and dying engender modal cultural
    responses, and such institutionalized behavior has familiar,
    economical, educational, religious, and political implications.
  -
Journey of Hearts™
    Online Healing Place for Anyone Grieving a Loss.
  - List of Unusual Deaths
  - Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying (Book, 2003) [WorldCat.org]
    - Michael C. Kearl, Ph.D. | Inside.Trinity.edu
      -
A Sociological Tour Through Cyberspace

  - Medical and Health
    Genetics, genealogy and history.

  - Veneration of the Dead
* UK: UK Newspapers | Paperboy UK Edition (Search Obituaries)
  - Deceased Online
    Burial records, cremation records, grave maps, genealogy and ancestry.
* USA: CemeteryRegistry.US - Registry of Cemeteries
  - ArrangeOnline.com
    Assisting families and funeral homes.
  -
Legacy.com | Where Life Stories Live On
    - Legacy.com/ObitMessenger (USA)
  - LifeStoryNet.com
    Exclusive providers of the Life Story Experience™
  - List of Burial Mounds in the United States
    Built by Native Americans (Lamanites).
  -
Memoriams.com™ - Login
  - NamUs - National U.S.
    Missing and unidentified persons system,
    that
can be searched by the general public.
  -
Nationwide Gravesite Locator
   
Search for burial locations of veterans and their family members.
  - NewspaperObituaries.net
  - Obituaries 101 (USA)
  -
Obituaries | TOPIX - Search Obituaries
    Search over 95 Million Obituaries and Death Notices.
  -
ObituariesHelp.org
    Newspaper obituaries, genealogy, obituary and funeral resources.
  - Obituary Archives - Find Your Ancestors' Story
  - Obituary Central (USA)
    Obituary database and headquarters for finding obituaries.
  -
Online Searchable Death Indexes, Records and Obituaries
  - Paperboy Online Newspapers | US & World Newspapers
    Paperboy provides easy access to online newspapers,
    newspaper obituaries and death notices, local news,
    front pages, headlines and more.
  - Political Graveyard - USA
    Most comprehensive source of United States political biography.
  - Time For Memory (Nationwide - United States)
    Memorial to those we love.
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CENSUS and POPULATION RECORDS: Census
Counting Heads Around the World

Genealogy of International Census databases.  Evaluating 
census tradition within
the U.K., Scandinavia, and selected European countries and how cooperative
projects between governments, genealogists, social scientists, and church
organizations have begun to make these records much more accessible.


CENSUS - GENERAL - REGIONAL:

Census | Facts, Definition, Methods, & History | Britannica.com: Census History
* 1703 Census of Iceland | United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization
  The first comprehensive census taken in Iceland and the oldest extant nominal census
  in the world that includes every member of a country's population,
  with name, age and social status.

*
CensusTools Spreadsheet Tempates for Census Data - CensusTools
*
Cyndi's List - Census Worldwide
*
Filling Out The Family
  Censuses in family history.
*
Historical Record Collections — FamilySearch.org: Census Records
*
IPUMS International:
International Partners
  
Integrated Public Use Microdata Series - International.
  Collecting and distributing census data from around the world.
  - World Population Census Forms, 1955-Present
    -
Census Dates for Countries and Areas of the World: 1945 to 2014 (archived)
*
Lost Cousins: Putting Relatives In Touch
  -
Help & Advice: Search the Census
*
My Free Census - Search Free Census Records Online
*
Project MUSE: Searched for: the term [ census ] in content (over 37,000 results)
  Books and journals in the humanities and social sciences from over 200
  of the world’s most distinguished university presses and scholarly societies.


COMMONWEALTH of NATIONS: Commonwealth of Nations
Colonies and Dependencies from 1782 - The National Archives
Discovery | The National Archives

Empire and Commonwealth Records Held by Other Archives - The National Archives
List of Member States of the Commonwealth of Nations by Population
*
Census & Voter Lists - MyHeritage
* Census and Voter Lists | Ancestry
* Census in Australia

* Census in Canada: Canada - Databases
  - Automated Genealogy
  - Canada Census:
Censuses - Library and Archives Canada
  -
Searching the Canadian Census by Name in One Step

* Census in the United Kingdom (and the British Isles)
  -
1939 Register of England & Wales - MyHeritage
  - 2011 Census - Office for National Statistics
  - Census Records - The National Archives
  -
Census - The Family Historian's Guide
  -
England Census and Wales Census
    - England and Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands Census, 1881
  -
freecensus
  -
List of Old English Occupations and Descriptions

  - List of United Kingdom Censuses
  - LookupUK.com - Lookup United Kingdom - 1901 British Census + more
  - National Archives: Census of Ireland 1901/1911
    - Census of Ireland 1911
  -
Searching the UK Census by Name in One Step
* India Map, Map of India: India
  - Census India Library
  -
Demographics of India, Indian Demographics Data
  -
Digital Colonial Documents India: Census Reports from 1871 to 1901

  - India Census, India Census Map, Demographic Maps of India
  - List of States and Union Territories of India by Population
  - Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India
*
New Zealand Census

MULTINATIONAL and WORLDWIDE:
Population (External Links): Human Population
World by Map: Statistics, Maps & Charts

*
European Historical Population Samples Network: Database List - Links / all
*
Index of International Statistical Agencies
  U.S. Census Bureau Links to National Statistical Agencies across the world.
  - International Programs: Related Sites
    -
International Data Base (IDB)
* Population Reference Bureau – Inform, Empower, Advance.
  -
2018 World Population Data Sheet: Focus on Changing Age Structures
  -
PRB'S Population Handbook - 6th (current) Edition, 2011 (pdf)
    Quick guide to population dynamics for journalists, policymakers,
    teachers, students, and other people interested in demographics
  - SocioSite: Demography and Population Studies
* World Population:
PopulationMondiale.com
  -
7 Billion Others
  - Demography:
Demographics of the World
    - Demography - Statistics & Facts | Statista
  - International Union for the Scientific Study of Population
    - Population Databases
    - Population-related Websites
  - IROWS-Links to Globalization Research
  - List of Countries by Population
  -
Population Index
    Searchable and browsable database containing 46,035 abstracts
    of demographic literature published in Population Index in the period 1986-2000.
    The complete journal collection going back to the 1930s is available in JSTOR.
  -
SocioSite: Demography - Population Studies
  - Statistics and Numeric Data Collections - International - The University of Auckland
  - World Population Growth - Our World In Data
    First published in 2013; most recent substantial revision in May 2019.
  -
World Population Since Creation
    Growth of world population can be calculated by a well-known formula.
  -
Worldometers - Real Time World Statistics

NATIONAL:
Category:Census Records by Country
* Census & Voter Lists - MyHeritage
*
Census and Voter Lists | Ancestry
* Census Links
  Catalog of links to transcriptions of census, tax lists, birth, death, marriage
  and military records, all freely available to help with your genealogy research.
* Census Online
  Directory of free census records.
* Dutch Censuses 1795-1971 (Volkstellingen)
  - Foreign Projects (Volkstellingen)
    Census and other statistical data from various countries.
* German Census of 1895
*
Mexico Census:
  - Project MUSE - Guadalajara Census Project, Volume I
    The Guadalajara Censuses of 1821 and 1822 (review).
* Norwegian Historical Data Centre (NHDC), The Arctic University of Norway
  -
Historical Microdata around the World (1st version) (archived)
* Population and Housing Censuses by Country
  -
Americas
  - Africa
  - Asia
  - Europe
  - Oceania
*
Russian Census (2002)
*
Russian Empire Census (1897)
* USA: United States Census:
United States Census (Soundex)
  - Beginning Research in United States Census Records
    - 1790 Census -
1800 Census - 1810 Census - 1820 Census - 1830 Census - 1840 Census
    -
1850 Census | 1850 Mortality Schedule | 1850 Slave Schedule
    -
1860 Census - 1870 Census - 1880 Census - 1890 Census
    - 1900 Census / 1900 Census
    -
1910 Census
    - 1920 Census
    -
1930 Census  | 1930 Merchant Seamen

    - 1940 Census
 / 1940 Census | U.S. National Archives
    -
Census Database Collection
    -
Census Online
      United States Directory of free census records.

    - Free Census Project (USGenWeb)
    - My Free Census - Search Free U.S. Census Records Online
    -
Searching the US Census by Name in One Step
      - Overview of One-Step Census Forms
        -
Unified Census ED Finder
    - United States Census - Colonial
    - United States Census - Indian Schedules:
American Indian Census Rolls
    - United States Census - Internet Archive
    - United States Census - State Censuses
    - United States Census - Territorial
    -
United States School Censuses
  - Census Book [WorldCat.org]
    Genealogist's guide to federal census facts, schedules, and indexes.
  -
Census Records and Data | U.S. Census | Ancestry
  - Data Visualization Gallery
    Weekly exploration of Census data.
  - Decennials -
Census of Population and Housing - Publications - U.S. Census Bureau
  -
DonsList Census Books
  -
Family History Archive
    Interface to information on many names listed in the US Census data;
    43,000 surnames (last names) and 420 common or first names.
  -
Genealogy: Age Search Service - Data - Related Sites
  -
IPUMS NHGIS | National Historical Geographic Information System
    Summary tables & time series of population, housing, agriculture, & economic data,
    along with GIS-compatible boundary files, for years from 1790 through the present
    & for all levels of U.S. census geography, including states, counties, tracts, & blocks.
  - IPUMS USA | Enumerator Instructions
  -
IPUMS USA | History of the Census and Its Samples
  -
MortalitySchedules.com
    Free search through census mortality schedules
.
  -
Products - HeritageQuest Online®
  - Resources for Genealogists and Family Historians | National Archives:
Census Records
  - Social Explorer
    Gain deep insights into any area of interest - down to a city block,
    with stunning visualizations and built-in data. Reinforce your decisions
    with reliable and accurate location data.
  - This is what the United States looks like if you scale states by population - Vox
    -
Every state's population rank from 1910 to 2010, in one dizzying chart - Vox
  -
UCB Libraries | GovInfo | Guide to Census Information (archived)
  -
U.S. Census - MyHeritage
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DATABASES:
The Digital Universe of Opportunities: The Internet of Things
The Digital Universe in 2020: Big Data, Bigger Digital Shadows, & Biggest Growth . . .
No country, no region, no company can halt the expansion of the digital universe.
*
A--Global Social Media Archive, 350 Billion Digital Data Records (text)
  Archive to contain records from 200 million unique users from at least 100 countries.
* Digital Databases: Education Publications & Books Online
*
Digital Librarian: Electronic Texts, Primary Sources and Digital Libraries (archived)
* Google™ Public Data Explorer
* International Commission for Historical Demography:
ICHD links
  Study of the history of population and of human society in general.
  -
ICHD Questionnaires Longitudinal Databases
    Large-scale, public databases of life histories from the past.
* International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC): Members | IIPC
  Expertise to collect, preserve and made accessible knowledge from the global web.
  - Digital Preservation Coalition (UK): Our Members
    - Allied Organisations - Digital Preservation Coalition
    -
Digital Preservation Handbook
  -
Digital Preservation (Library of Congress): Partners - Digital Preservation
      -
Personal Digital Archiving | Digital Preservation
  -
MetaArchive | A Digital Preservation Network
  -
PADI - Preserving Access to Digital Information: Organisations and Websites
    Gateway to international digital preservation resources
    and to ICADS (IFLA-CDNL Alliance for Digital Strategies).
* Internet Archive: (About the Internet Archive)
Internet Archive: Wayback Machine
  Worldwide databases, history, preservation: online Internet archives.
  Internet library offering permanent access for researchers, historians
  and scholars to historical collections that exist in digital format.
  -
Audio Archive
  -
eBooks and Texts
  -
Moving Image Archive
  - Projects
    -
Open Content Alliance
    -
Open Educational Resources
    -
Open Library
    -
Software Collection
  -
TV News Archive
* Memory of the World:
Memory of the World Register
* Online Database:
Data Links (archived)
  -
DCMI
    Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.
  -
Dialog® Solutions: Databases and Prosheets
    - Database List (archived)
    -
Products - ProQuest Dialog®
      -
An A-Z List of All Databases Available on Proquest Dialog™
    -
ProQuest Libguides - LibGuides at ProQuest: Genealogy Training Materials
  - Disciplinary Repository:
Disciplinary Repositories - Open Access Directory
  - Institutional Repository: List of Repositories
    -
List of Archives
    - List of Libraries
    - Ranking Web of Repositories:
Top Portals
  - List of Academic Databases & Search Engines
  - List of Online Databases
  - Universitetet i Tromsø: The Norwegian Historical Data Centre (NHDC)
    -
Historical Microdata around the World (1st version) (archived)
  -
Vienna Database on European Family History
* Portico - a community-supported ditigal archive
  Digital preservation and electronic archiving service.
  -
Coverage - Portico
* Registry of Research Data Repositories: re3data.org
  -
Data Repositories - Open Access Directory
  -
Datenbank: Jüdische Grabsteinepigraphik
    The Database of Jewish epigraphy.
  - FAIRsharing
    Curated, informative and educational resource on data
    and metadata standards, inter-related to databases and data policies.
    -
Collections
    - Databases

  - Kinsources:
Datasets
    Collaborative web platform for kinship data sharing dedicated to the archiving,
    analysing and comparing kinship data for scientific use.
* (Web Mega Sites)
All Guides - LibGuides at University of California San Diego
  Subjects A-Z - Provided by the Library at UC San Diego.
  - A-Z Databases
    Find the best library databases for your research.

GENERAL GENEALOGICAL:
* Ancestry®

  Collection of searchable genealogy databases.
  -
Cyndi's List - Ancestry.com: The Basics
  -
Search Historical Records, Etc.
*
Archives and Knowledge Management
  Scholarly online resource evidence and records.
*
AWS Public Dataset Program
* Browsers - Directories - Portals:
  Genealogy and family history link sites.
*
Cyndi's List - Databases: Searchable Online
* Dashboard | findmypast.com
  Discover your roots in the best British and Irish record collection available online.
  -
Free Ancestry Records - Trace your Family Tree Online | findmypast.com
*
David's World
  Excellent resources finding page with a Star Trek theme.
* Digital Learning & Online Textbooks – Cengage
  - Cengage Sites – Cengage [Search by genealogy and "family history".]
    - Online Courses and Certification Prep Classes | ed2go
    - Scholarly Resources for Learning and Research | Gale
      -
Gale Databases Catalog
      -
Gale Primary Sources Catalog
      -
Thorndike Press Large Print Books - Gale
    - Write better papers, faster! |Online Research Library: Questia
      -
"family history" - Keyword Search Results | Questia, Your Online Research Library
      - genealogy - Keyword Search Results | Questia, Your Online Research Library
* Education Publications & Online Books
*
Family Group Records Collection, Archives Section, 1942-1969 — FamilySearch.org
 
Collection consists of family group record forms submitted by LDS Church members to
  the Genealogical Society of Utah, now the Family History Department, for processing
  prior to performing proxy ordinances.  Completed ordinance dates were recorded on
  forms. Completed forms were filed in the Family Group Records Archive collection.
  Forms are filed in alphabetical order by husband's surname, given name, and date
  of birth. 
Browse a list of records by surnames currently published in this collection.
*
Family Group Sheet Project
*
FamilySearch.org: Site Map - News and Information
  Free family history and genealogy records.

*
Gateways to the World and Global Resources
  International collections from the Library of Congress.
* Genealogy Searching Center
  Free online genealogy databases.
*
Genealogy's Star: The Ultimate Digital Preservation Guide, Part One
  Genealogy's Star: The Ultimate Digital Preservation Guide, Part Two
  Genealogy's Star: The Ultimate Digital Preservation Guide, Part Three

*
Geneanet: Main Search: Family Trees, Archive & Indexes, Genealogy Library
  Genealogical database network, indexing
  genealogical resources all over the world.

* General Genealogical Resources [includes Gedcom]
* General: Genealogy, Census, Vital Records
  Linkpendium's goal is to index every genealogy, geneology, :)
  family history, family tree, surname, vital records, biography,
  or otherwise genealogically-related site on the Internet.
*
Gengateway.com: Genealogy Gateways To The Internet
*
List of Genealogy Databases
* MyHeritage: SuperSearch Historical Records
  9,778,973,128 historical records and counting.
* Olive Tree Genealogy:
Site Map
  Free genealogy for your ancestors.
*
One-Step Webpages by Stephen P. Morse
  One-step portal for on-line genealogy.
*
Online Information Brokers and Your Privacy | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
  
How consumers can opt out of directory assistance and non-public information.
  -
Data Brokers | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
    There are many websites that sell or provide for free,
    personal information about individuals.  This information
    is gathered from many sources including white pages listings
    (directory assistance), publicly-available sources and public records.
* Pedigree & Lineage Networking: Family Trees
*
Public Records Directory
  Free public records in other nations, as well as the
United States.
* RootsWeb.com
* Specialty: Genealogy & Family History Directories - Links - Portals
*
Who Can Find People?
  Find people, places and things.

UNITED STATES:
  - Access to Archival Databases (AAD): NARA - USA
    -
Cyndi's List - United States - U.S. National Archives
  -
BRB Publications, Inc. - Free Public Records Resources
    Free public records: U.S., state, county and city.
    -
Foreigh Sites - Canada
  -
Court Records Directory
    Find online court records and contact information
    for trial courts in every state and county.
  -
CourthouseDirect.com - Public Records Online
  -
Genealogy Trails
    Free transcribed genealogical and historical data for researchers.
  -
LexisNexis®: Lexisnexis Law & Legal Software Products
  -
Office of the Historian (Department of State): Countries - Office of the Historian
    - Browse Resources by Subject Tag: All Tags
  - Public Records Directory
    Find free national, state, and county records.
  - USA: Genealogy, Census, Vital Records
   
Linkpendium's goal is to index every genealogy, geneology, :)
    family history, family tree, surname, vital records, biography,
    or otherwise genealogically-related site on the Internet.
    -
General: Genealogy, Census, Vital Records
  - USAGov:
Genealogy and Family History | USAGov

    Official guide to government information and services.
    -
All Topics and Services
    -
genealogy - USA.gov Search Results (All Government)

      Extensive listings of records throughout the United States of America;
      at least 50 pages of references.
      -
(Images - at least 6 pages)
      - (
Videos - at least 64 items)

  -
Vote Smart - The Voter's Self Defense System
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EMIGRATION and HUMAN MIGRATION:
Emigration - Human Migration
  About Immigration & Migration   Ancient & Modern Explorations   Citizenship & Naturalization
  Colonization & History   Regional Movements   Transportation & Patterns

ABOUT IMMIGRATION and MIGRATION: Migration Dialogue - Refworld
* Center for Immigration Studies:
Immigration Data Portal
*
Cyndi's List - Immigration & Naturalization
*
Displaced Persons' (DP) Camps
* Human Trafficking Search
* Immigration & Migration in Latin America - LANIC

* Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre IDMC
  Map displays all displacement events recorded
  by IDMC that have ocurred in the past six months.
*
International Centre for Migration Policy Development
* International Migration and Multicultural Policies
  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
*
International Organization for Migration: Countries - Global Migration Trends
* Migrating out of Poverty
* Migration Data Portal
*
Migration Institutions (archived)
  - Association of European Migration Institutions:
Members – AEMI
    Creating public awareness & understanding of Europe´s migrations: history / heritage.
  -
Cser – Centro Studi Emigrazione Roma
  -
DOMiD - Documentation Centre and Museum of Migration in Germany
  -
Génériques - Faire connaître l'histoire et la mémoire de l'immigration
  - Institute for the Study of International Migration | Georgetown University
  - International Migration Institute (IMI)
  -
Mellon Centre for Migration Studies: External Links (predominantly Irish)
* Migration Policy Institute: Migration Information Source
  -
International Migration Statistics
    - Immigrant and Emigrant Populations by Country of Origin and Destination
      This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations
      by country of origin and destination.
    -
Total Immigrant and Emigrant Populations by Country
  - Migration Data Hub: Regions
    - Africa (sub-Saharan)
    - Asia and the Pacific

    - Central America & the Caribbean

    - Europe: European Union
    - Middle East & North Africa
    - North America:
Canada - Mexico
      - United States:
U.S. Immigration Policy Program
        - Center for Migration Studies of New York (CMS)
        - Immigration Data Matters
          Useful online guide links users directly to the most credible, high-quality data
          on immigrants and immigration in the United States and internationally.
          The easy-to-use publication includes more than 220 data resources compiled
          by governmental and authoritative nongovernmental sources. The guide covers
          a wide range of topics, among them foreign-born population stocks and flows,
          humanitarian and labor migration, naturalization, education and language
          attainment, labor force participation, income and poverty rates, remittance size
          and flow, immigration enforcement actions, public opinion, religious affiliation,
          and development indicators
    - South America
* Population, Migration and Refugee Studies - Research Guides at Columbia University
  - European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)
  - Refugee Studies Centre
    University of Oxford multidisciplinary research on forced migration.
  - Refugees International - International Centre for Migration Policy Development
  -
UNHCR - The UN Refugee Agency
*
ReliefWeb - Informing Humanitarians Worldwide
*
Tracing Immigrant Origins

ANCIENT and MODERN EXPLORATIONS
*
Age of Discovery
  The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning
  of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century), is an informal and loosely defined
  term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration
  emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and which was the beginning
  of globalization. It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe
  of colonialism and mercantilism as national policies.
  -
Discoverers Web (archived)
    Links and information on voyages of discovery.
  - Society for the History of Discovery: Discover History:
Terrae Incognitae (current)
    Geographical discovery and voyages of exploration.
*
European Exploration | Britannica.com
* European Voyages of Exploration (pdf): Images
  - Chronology of European Exploration of Asia
  - European Exploration of Africa
  - Timeline of European Exploration
    Covers European exploration from 1418 to 1957.
*
List of Explorations
  - Famous Explorers - List of Most Important Explorers
  - List of Explorers
*
Mariners' Museum and Park - America's National Maritime Museum
  -
Ages of Exploration


Christopher Columbus - Conservapedia and Christopher Columbus: Descendants
"Columbus when he was invited to a banquet where he was assigned the most
honorable place at the table, and served with the ceremonials which were
observed towards sovereigns.  A shallow courtier present, who was meanly
jealous of him, abruptly asked him whether he though that in case he had
not discovered the Indies, there were not other men in Spain who would have
been capable of the enterprise?  Columbus made no reply, but took an egg
and invited the company to make it stand on end.  They all attempted it, but
in vain; whereupon he struck it upon the table so as to break one end, and
left it standing on the broken part, illustrating that when he had once shown
the way to the new world nothing was easier than to follow it."  [J. Smith, Jr.]
After Christopher Columbus returned to Spain from his 1492–1493 expedition
to San Salvador, Cuba, and Hispaniola, other European explorers began their
voyages to North America.  In 1497 John Cabot explored the coasts of Labrador,
Newfoundland, and New England. Juan Ponce de León explored Florida and
part of the Yucatán Peninsula in the early 1500s. In 1519 Hernán Cortés invaded
Mexico and subsequently spent several years conquering the Aztecs.

CITIZENSHIP and NATURALIZATION
:
Birthright Citizenship Around the World
* Citizenship: [
Citizenship Laws of the World (pdf) - CitizenshipLaw.info - Jus soli]
* Nationality Law and Naturalization
* North America:
  - USA & Canadian Naturalization & Citizenship Records
    - immigrationDirect™
    -
Naturalization Records | National Archives
  -
United States Nationality Law
    - Immigration Direct®: Sitemap
    - United States Naturalization Online Genealogy Records
    -
USCIS - United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
      Official website of the Department of Homeland Security.
      -
Genealogy | USCIS
      - Immigration & Naturalization Service:
Agency History | USCIS
      -
Path to U.S. Citizenship | USCIS

COLONIZATION and HISTORY
:
Colonialism and Exploration
Extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory and people outside its own boundaries,
often to facilitate economic domination over their resources, labor, and markets.
*
Colonial Voyage: Colonial History & Travel in World Countries
* History of Colonialism: Index of Possessions & Colonies
 
- European Colonization of the Americas: First Wave and later Decolonization
    - British Colonization -
Couronian Colonization - Danish Colonization
      Dutch Colonization - French Colonization - German Colonization
      Italy Colonization: Hospitaller Colonization - Portuguese Colonization
      Russian Colonization - Scottish Colonization - Spanish Colonization
      Swedish Colonization - Welsh Settlement
    - Timeline of the European Colonization of North America
      -
Colonial History of the United States
      - Norse Colonization of North America (Vikings)

REGIONAL MOVEMENTS
:
Diaspora - Emigration & Emigrants | The National Archives
* General:
List of Diasporas
  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  -
Leiden University: History of International Migration: Links
    Helps researchers and students study European migration movements,
    with a framework, documents and information about sources on migration.
  - Moving Here - 200 years of Migration to England (
archived)
    - Browse By Topic (archived): Catalogue and Website Search (archived)
      A
B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    - Links to Related Useful Websites (archived)
    - Migration Histories (
archived): Introduction to Migration Histories (archived)
      - Caribbean (
archived)
      - Irish (
archived)
      - Jewish (
archived): Records in Other Countries (archived)
      - South Asian (
archived): Records in Other Countries (archived)
    - Moving Here | Partners (archived)
* News, Media and Travel
* North American:
Emigration to North America
  - American Journeys
    Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement.
  - American Settlements and Migrations
    Primer for genealogists and family historians.
  -
Immigration and Ethnic History Society
    Study of the history of immigration to the United States
    and Canada from all parts of the world.
  -
Nature and Origins of Emigration to America (archived)
    Emigrant ancestry in the 16th and 17th centuries.
* North American: Canada
  -
Canadians and Their Pasts
  - Pier 21 | Canadian Museum of Immigration
* North American: United States:
  -
Facts About American Immigration | HW Wilson (Book): Table of Contents (pdf)
    The largest portion of the book (Parts II–VI) is divided by region: Europe, Africa, Asia,
    the Americas, and Oceania.  Each part begins with a brief introduction to the region,
    followed by a series of articles focusing on specific countries or groups of countries
    within that region.  Articles include tables and graphs that summarize and portray
    statistical information relating to that group's immigration, as well as specific Internet
    and print resources.  Each regional section concludes with tables and graphs
    summarizing the pattern of immigration from the region, plus regional Internet
    and print resources.
  - Immigration to the United States:
1789-1930 | Harvard Library

TRANSPORTATION
and MIGRATION PATTERNS: Transport: Portal:Transport
GENEALOGY and FAMILY HISTORY DATA:
Topic Outline of Transport
* General Information and Data Resources: Portal:Nautical
  Transport Research International Documentation - TRID: Thesaurus (TRT)
  -
ancestorsonboard.com - A Journey of Discovery
  - CIMO - Cimorelli Immigration Manifests Online
  -
Cyndi's List - Ships & Passenger Lists
  -
Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank: Startseite
    Historisches Museum Bremerhaven: German emigrants database.

  - Genealogy - Locating the Previous Overseas Residence
  -
Gjenvick-Gjønvik Collectibles
    Ship passenger lists, vintage brochures,
    steamships, WW1, WW2 and WPA.
  -
Guide to Immigration Records and Ship's Passenger Lists (archived)
  - Immigrant Ship Information (archived)
  -
Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
  - Immigrants Ancestors Project
    Uses emigration registers to locate information about the birthplaces
    of immigrants in their native countries, which is not found in the port
    registers and naturalization documents in the destination countries.
  -
Immigration & Travel
  - Internet Sources for Transcribed Passenger Records & Indexes
  - Miramar Ship Index:
Links
    Comprehensive index to ships and their histories, covering iron & steel sailing ships,
    powered merchant ships (over 100grt) and warships, since the early 19th century.
  -
Passenger Lists on the Internet (archived)
  -
ShipIndex.org - Index to Ships in Books
  -
Tracing Immigrant Origins Research Outline
  - Transatlantic Migrations
   
Movement of people across the Atlantic Ocean in order
    to settle on the continents of North and South America.
    -
DISC: Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
    - Slavery Images
      Atlantic slave trade and slave life in the Americas.
    -
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
*
Maritime History: Maritime History Virtual Archives
  - Glossary of Naval & Maritime Terms & Phrases
    Time period of the late 18th and early 19th centuries
.
  - Mother of All Maritime Links
    -
History A to M
    -
History N to Z

  -
USA Maritime Resources | Sea History
    -
Naval History and Heritage Command
    - Societies & Associations
* Oceans and Seas
  - Port:
List of Seaports
    -
Cyndi's List - Ports of Departure
    - List of North American Ports
    - List of Ports & Harbours of the Atlantic Ocean
    -
List of Ports & Harbors of the Pacific Ocean
    -
Port to Port Distances
      Sea ports distance calculation; sea routes between ports.

  - Ship Information:
Ship Transport
    -
Cyndi's List - Ships & Passenger Lists
    -
List of Ship Companies
    -
Lloyds (Register of British & Foreign Shipping: 1764 - 2003)
      Includes rigging, the tonnage, dimensions,
      propulsion, owners and her Master.
    - Manifest Markings
      Guide to interpreting immigration
      passenger lists markings, or annotations.
    - Palmer List of Merchant Vessels
    - ShipsList
* Rivers and Waterways:
  -
List of Rivers of Africa
  - List of Rivers of Asia
  - List of Rivers of Europe
  - List of Rivers of Oceania
  - List of Rivers of the Americas

    - American Rivers and Waterways

  - List of Waterways
    - Canal:
Links To Other Canal Sites
    -
Cyndi's List - Canals, Rivers & Waterways
* United States:
Immigration to the United States
  -
American Migration Patterns
    -
Cyndi's List - Migration Routes, Roads & Trails
    - Early American Roads & Trails
    -
Historic American Roads Migration Routes
    -
History of the West Coast of North America
    - Portal:U.S. Roads
    -
US Migration Trails and Roads
  - Castle Garden:
New York Passenger Lists (Castle Garden), 1820-1891
    Access to database on millions of immigrants,
    from 1820 through 1892, the year Ellis Island opened.
  -
Cyndi's List - Ports of Entry
  -
Immigrant Arrivals: A Guide To Published Sources
    Bibliographies and Guides - Library of Congress
    Local History and Genealogy Reading Room.
  -
Immigration Research Articles
  -
Immigrant Servants Database
    Records of colonists: indentured servants, convict servants,
    and redemptioners, who settled south of New England, as
    found in American and European sources, from 1607 through 1820.
  - Immigration History Research Center (UM)
    - Family History Research
  - Migrations.org|
    Links to online migration and genealogical sources.
  -
Mystic Seaport
    Online resources from the museum of America and the sea.
  -
Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island
    - Ellis Island
      - Cyndi's List - Ellis Island
      -
Ellis Island and New York Immigration
      - Ellis Island Immigration Facts
      - Expanded Ellis Island Immigrant Records 1820-1957 Online
        - New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957
        - New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924
      - Searching the Ellis Island Database in One Step
  - United States Immigration Online Genealogy Records
  - US Ports of Arrival & Their Available Immigration Records
    Passenger lists.
  - Virtual Jamestown
    State of Virginia, USA.
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INHERITANCECourt & Legal -
Estate (law) - Probate - Will and Testament
* GLOSSARY:
Glossary - Kings Court Trust - Inheritance Tax: Glossary of Terms
* USA: ABA Estate Planning FAQs | Section of Real Property, Trust and Estate Law
  - Create A Free Last Will And Testament Form
  -
Do Your Own Will - Free On-line Will
  -
Estate Planning Bundles Online | LegalZoom
  - EstatePlanningLinks.com
  - Glossary of Insurance Terms
  - U.S. Living Will Registry®
    - Advance Directive Forms
  -
Wills Trusts & Estates
  - Wills, Trusts, Living Wills, Estate Tax, Probate & Estate Planning
    Free law resources by Nolo.

* WORLDWIDE:
Legal History of Wills
  -
Administration of an Estate on Death:
Probate
  -
Blake & Blake Genealogists
    Finding missing heirs and
i
nternational probate research.
  -
Cyndi's List - Wills & Probate
  - Inheritance (law): Wills and Testaments [Beyond the Index]
 
- International Bibliography
    Ancient, medieval and early modern
    wills and probate inventories.
  -
RootsLink Search Results - Probates
  - RootsLink Search Results - Wills
  -
Strange Inheritance: Strange Inheritance | Fox Business
  -
Wills and Probate Records | The National Archives
  
 
United Kingdom - British Isles.
    -
British Record Society Probate Collection
    -
Courts Guidance for Practitioners and Citizens
      -
Probate Registries: Probate Service

    -
England Probate Records
    -
Looking for Records of a Will or Administration Before 1858
      - National Archives - UK | DocumentsOnline | Wills
    - Looking for Records of a Will or Administration After 1858
    - National Library of Wales Search AquaBrowser Library®
    - Wills & Probate Resources: Medieval To Modern Records
  -
Wills, Probates, Land, Tax & Criminal - Ancestry.com
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LAND and PROPERTY  
FARM ORIGINS - H-Rural Discussion Network - RECORDS:
AGRICULTURE: History of Farming & Cities - Topic Outline of Agriculture
The basic ancestry and historical setting of mankind since Adam and Eve,
in all nations and history of the organization of work, have been involved
in farming. "More of the world's aggregate manpower is devoted
to agriculture than to all other occupations combined."
Reference: Britannica Concise Encyclopedia Online Article.
*
Agriculture Resources on the Internet (pdf)
* Agropolis - Museum: Food & Agricultures of the World
* Almanac.com - The Old Farmer's Almanac
*
Cyndi's List - Land Records, Deeds, Homesteads, Etc.
*
History of Horticulture: PlantFacts
*
Living History, Agricultural and Open-Air Museums
* Museum of English Rural Life (MERL): The Archives and
Penrhos Trust:
  - Green and Pleasant Land [British]

*
Portal:Agriculture and Agronomy
  
- AgricultureB2B - Directory
  - Agriscape™
  -
eXtension
    Objective, research-based, credible information and tools to improve life.

  - Farm and Agriculture (AgNIC) Portal
  - Federation of Animal Science Societies (FASS)
  -
International Association of Agricultural Information Specialists (IAALD)
* Science and Technology > Life Sciences and Agriculture > Agriculture
* SocioSite: Rural Sociology (Worldwide)
*
United States Department of Agriculture
  National Agricultural Library: history, art and biography.
  -
Agriculture in the Classroom
    - Growing a Nation: Historical Timeline
  -
Agriculture's Lasting Heritage
  - Core Historical Literature of Agriculture
    United States history cannot fully be understood without
    studying its rural life and agricultural heritage.
  - Farmhouses in the Heartland
  -
George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate, Museum & Gardens
  - Grange Movement
  -
USDA History Collection Guide, Special Collections of NAL | Special Collections

PROPERTY: List of Terms for Country Subdivisions - Real Estate
Real property is a legal term encompassing real estate and ownership interests in real
estate (immovable property). It is a type of property differentiated from personal property.

*
Deed and Homestead Principle
  - Family Deeds - British Isles
  -
History in Deed
    Medieval Society & The Law in England, 1100-1600.
*
Land Record Reference
* Manorialism: Manor Courts -
Manorial Law
  -
Manorial Documents Register
  - Manorial Lordships and Feudal Titles (archived)
    - Lord of the Manor:
Manor House

* Maps in Genealogy: Geography & Maps
  -
Cultural Landscapes
    
Worldwide large-scale maps such as individual land surveys,
    county land ownership maps and atlases, large-scale topographic
    maps and thematic maps showing economic activity.  These maps
    show the cultural modification of a physical landscape as settlers
    established their farmsteads and villages, constructed the connecting
    transportation systems and named their surroundings.
    - Geographic Locations: A to South America
    - Geographic Locations: Soviet Union to United States
    - Geographic Locations: United States to Yucatán Peninsula
*
Property Studies: Real Estate Education Throughout the World: Past, Present, and Future
* Tax, Criminal, Land & Wills: Legal & Court
* USA:
  - Bureau of Land Management: GLO Records: Reference
    - Related Websites
    - Search - BLM GLO Records
  -
Homestead Act: Homestead History
   
- Homesteading (archived) and current Rural Living.
  - Landownership Maps and Atlases
    Collections include both maps and atlases that were produced
    primarily for the purpose of showing landownership.
    - Land Ownership Maps in the Library of Congress
  - Land Records Research Directory
  - Legal Land Descriptions in the USA
  -
Using Townships In Your Research
  - Virtual Museum of Surveying
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LOOKUPS and VOLUNTEERS:
Volunteering
* Book Lookups Forum
* Books We Own List
*
Can't Find My Past
*
Cyndi's List - Lookups & Free Searches by Volunteers
*
Cyndi's List - Volunteer Projects
* Free Genealogy Lookups (AncestralFindings.com)
* Free Genealogy Lookups (Genealogy Today)
* Free Genealogy Look Ups (GeneaSearch)
* Gen Gathering
  Global gathering of researchers and genealogists that "give and take".
* Genealogical CD's & WFT CDs

* Genealogy Look Up Forum
* Generous Genealogists
  Free genealogy research and support.
* GenLookups.com
* Little Gen Book | Genealogy Little Black Book
 
Volunteers, fee providers, museums, court houses and libraries
  create listings based on the location which they are willing to assist in.

*
Lookups
  Ancestry.com family history and genealogy message boards.
* LookupUK.com - Lookup United Kingdom
  -
UK Online Parish Clerks
* Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness Wiki
  - Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness - RAOGK USA
  - RAOGK - Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness
* Record Lookups Forum
*
Research and Learning
* Rhonda's Links to Look Up Volunteer's
* Who Can Find People?
  - Community Forums & Chat Directories
  - Internet

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SOCIAL SECURITY RECORDSSocial Security
INTERNATIONAL ORIGINS and PROGRAMS
*
Guild
  Association of craftsmen in a particular trade.
  The earliest guilds were formed as confraternities of workers.
  -
Apprenticeship - Journeyman - Master Craftsman - Tradesman
*
Portal:Organized Labour - Categories
  -
International Association of Labour History Institutions
    - WWW Virtual Library Labour History
  - International Labour Organization: Topics
    -
Links - Information Resources - Department of Social Security
    -
Social Protection Sector
    - Social Security Policy & Development
    - Socio-Economic Security Programme

* Social Protection Options on the Web
*
Social Security Programs Throughout the World
  
Highlights the principal features of social security programs in more than
  170 countries: old-age, survivors, and disability; sickness and maternity;
  work injury; unemployment and family allowances.
  - History of Social Insurance
  -
ISSA: International Social Security Association
    Comprehensive information, news, data and analysis
    on social security developments worldwide.

  -
Pension: Pensions (The World Bank)
  - Social Security in other Countries
  
  - Africa
    - The Americas
      -
USA: Social Security - United States
        -
Acquiring Records from Social Security for Genealogical Research
        - CPSR - Frequently Asked Questions on SSNs and Privacy
          - Social Security Number
          - Structure of Social Security Numbers
        -
Genealogy Research
          U.S. Railroad Retirement Board
and deceased SSN.

        - Searching the Social Security Death Index in One Step
        -
Social Security | Cato Institute

        -
Social Security Death Index Search - Family Tree Legends
        - Social Security Death Index | SSDI Search at Ancestry.com
        -
The United States Social Security Administration: Site Map
        - United States Social Security Death Index — FamilySearch.org

    - Asia and the Pacific
    -
Europe

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VITAL RECORDS: Multinational and Worldwide: World
GENE
RAL: Vital statistics (government records)
* Birth Certificate (
Birth)
* Civil Registry (
Registro Civil)
*
Death Certificate (
Death)
* History and Social Studies

  Timelines, date conversions and period resources.

* Marriage Statutes and Dissolution of Marriage:
  -
Law and Divorce Around The World (Divorce)
  - Marriage License (
Marriage)
  - Marriageable Age
    Marriage age at which a person is allowed to marry,
    either as of right or subject to parental or other forms of consent.

SPECIFIC: Documentation and Identity Records
* Bible Records:
  - Bible Records Online: Family Bible Records
  -
Cyndi's List - Family Bibles
  -
Index to Online and Offline Bible Records
  -
RootsLink Search Results: Bible Records
* Birth - Marriage - Death - Other - Vital Records: Genealogy Roots Blog
  -
Cyndi's List - Births & Baptisms
  - FamilySearch.org
    Free family history and genealogy records.
    - Record Search: Other Births, Deaths & Marriages
  -
Free Birth Records Information

    Cohen's online birth indexes, transcriptions and records.

  - Google™ Book Search
    Vital statistics subject: "Registers of births, etc".
  - IGI: International Genealogical Index
  - International Vital Records

    Foreign vital records, adoption resources,
    genealogy help and investigators.

  -
RootsLink Search Results
    Vital Statistics (Births - Marriages - Death)
.
  - Vital Records: Birth, Marriage, Death (BMD) | Ancestry.com
  - VitalChek:
Official Vital Records Blog brought to you by VitalChek
    An official service provider for hundreds of government agencies
    throughout the United States and US Territories; order online.
* Death Records:
  -
Cyndi's List - Death Records
  - Death Record Sources: Cemeteries, Funeral Homes and Obituaries
* Marriage Records:
  - A to Z Marriage Records
    Free Marriage Records - Vital Records:
Canada - Ireland - UK - USA
    -
JNUL Ketubbot Database (Jewish marriage contract or ketubbah)
  -
Cyndi's List - Marriages & Divorce
  - GenWed.com
    Genealogy marriage records online
(Canada - UK - USA).
  - Google™ Book Search
    Vital records subject: "Marriage customs and rites" .
  - RootsLink Search Results - Marriages

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VITAL RECORDS IN COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE:
List of Sovereign States & Dependent Territories by Continent
*
Archives and Knowledge Management
  Scholarly online resource evidence and records.
  -
Compiled Guide | Columbia University Libraries
* Birth Registration Rights
  -
UNICEF - About UNICEF - Publications - Children's Rights
    - Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse - Birth Registration
      Apart from being the first legal acknowledgment of a child's existence,
      registration of births is fundamental to the realization of a number of rights
      and a number of practical needs including:
      -
Effectively countering forced marriage of young girls
        before they are legally eligible, without proof of age.
      - Enforcing laws relating to minimum age for employment,
        assisting efforts to prevent child labor.
      - Ensuring that children enroll in school at the right age.
      - Getting a passport, opening a bank account,
        obtaining credit, voting or finding employment.
      - Protecting children from harassment by police
        and other law enforcement officers.
      - Protecting children who are trafficked,
        [or placed into prostitution], including
        [their full restoration] through repatriation
        and family reunion.
      - Protecting young people from underage
        military service or conscription.
      - Providing access to health care.
      - Providing access to immunization.
      - Securing the child's right to a nationality,
        at the time of birth or at a later stage.
    - 'Rights' Start to Life:
[Download a PDF copy]
      Statistical analysis of birth registration worldwide.  Identity by registration
      allows children access to health care, education and social assistance.
      Among other key protections, it provides a safeguard against illegal adoption,
      early marriage, forced recruitment and trafficking, and can help reunify those
      who have been separated from their families.
* Children's Rights
  Basic human rights of children. with particular attention to the rights
  of special protection and care afforded to the young.
* Cultures of Present-Day Nations & States: Religion & Culture
  Information on culture by country is available for every country,
  including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited
  dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty.
* Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty
* Fetal Rights
   Legal rights accorded to fetuses or to ethical rights of fetuses.
* Identity Card Policies by Country
  - Identity Document
    Piece of identification (ID) document verifying aspects of a person's identity.
  - National Identification Number
*
Independent States in the World: Background Notes
*
International Vital Records Handbook. 7th Edition : Genealogical Publishing Company
 
Requirements and fees needed to obtain copies of vital records vary from state to state
  and from country to country. This 2017 edition offers complete, up-to-date information
  on where and how to request vital records, including copies of some application forms.

* Worldwide Comparisons and Experience of Thomas Milton Tinney, Sr.

  There are now
7 Billion Others in the world, and counting . . .

  This site broadcasts and presents an
Electronic Book.
  Each chapter is made in ePub format.  Titles include:
  Family - Love -  After Death - First Memories . . .
 
At the same time, the LDS Church Membership Reaches 15 Million.
 
They promote The Father as Patriarch; by example, former Elder Eldred G. Smith.
  If the Lord's gift of a general authority of the seed of Hyrum Smith's
descendants
,
 
was received and sustained by the LDS; they could promote a children's World Book.
  I'm sure this would be a great task and move along the Church missionary work,
  in a swift and timely manner, with great potential for worldwide positive success.

  Family Lineages - GREEN (E) - THOMPSON and TINNEY - HARDIN
  As a retired Family Representative, who has compiled both parents'
  ancestry and subsequent descent data, from common ancestors, I
  have been particularly astonished by the number of times when an
  untimely and unexpected death of the little ones within a family,
  has become the nexus or center point from which the total family
  unit has been preserved, due to the emotional attachment and loss
  suffered by both the father and mother.  I know, because my mother
  lost her eldest son in death as a teenager, and was moved deeply.

  Caring for the Souls of Children: Child, Children - Children of Christ
  I feel therefore, that we should see the world from the viewpoint of
  Jesus Christ, in my opinion.  He will save all children who die before
  the age of eight.  By His blood & body.  So the question is, of the many
  millions who die on a regular basis, of the many billions since Adam
  and Eve, who are children who will in fact inherit the celestial glory,
  what records are being kept?  At any given time on the Lord's earth,
  besides now 15 million Church members, all children under eight, are
  they not now directly under the jurisdiction of Jesus Christ?  Being so,
  should not an exceedingly valiant worldwide effort be made to find
  them, record their names, and preserve their records for eternity?
  In particular, send missionaries to mourn with parents having loss;
  teach them the gospel of Jesus Christ.  And, if not able to presently
  convert them, at least teach the fathers and mothers to preserve memories,
  thus providing the families a father's blessing, a Book of Remembrance.
  After all is said and done, the Bible and Book of Mormon, the Pearl of
  Great Price, many sections of the Doctrine and Covenants, are sourced
  anciently from original family records, the Book of Remembrance of Adam & Eve.
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NORTH AMERICA: North America / Map
* COMPREHENSIVE: Topic Outline of North America
  -
North America | Encyclopedia.com

* COUNTRIES:
  - Canada:
Preface - Canada - Canada / Country / Documents / Map
    Canada | Encyclopedia.com: Universities - Education
    -
Canada Vital Records
    - Canada.pdf
    - Canadian Families Project:
viHistory - Links
    - Culture of [Canada: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Canada
      -
A Scattering of Seeds - The Creation of Canada
      - Canadian Library Association
        -
Canadian Association of Research Libraries: Links
      - Canadian Library Gateway
        -
National Union Catalogue - Voilà - Library and Archives Canada
      - Canadian Studies: Canadian Studies
        - ICCS International Council for Canadian Studies:
Useful Links
          -
Member Associations and Associate Members
        -
Institute of Canadian Studies: Canadian Studies Network
      - Digital Initiatives: Libraries and Cultural Resources
    -
First Nations Research Resources
    -
Genealogy Guide - Method - Software - Archives - Genealogy from A to Z

    -
Vital Statistics Council for Canada [Vital Statistics Contacts]: Provinces and Territories
      - Preface - Alberta - Alberta.pdf
      -
Preface - British Columbia - British Columbia.pdf
      -
Preface - Manitoba - Manitoba.pdf
      -
Preface - New Brunswick - New Brunswick.pdf
      -
Preface - Newfoundland - Labrador - Newfoundland.pdf
      - Preface -
Northwest Territories (NWT Historical Timeline) - Northwest Territories.pdf
      -
Preface - Nova Scotia (Historical Vital Statistics) - Nova Scotia.pdf
      - Preface -
Nunavut - Nunavut.pdf
      -
Preface - Ontario.ca - Ontario.pdf
      - Preface - Prince Edward Island - Prince Edward Island.pdf
      -
Preface - Québec
- Quebec.pdf
       
- Quebec and French Canadian Genealogy Database: Links
      -
Preface - Saskatchewan Archives Board
(eHealth - V. Statistics) - Saskatchewan.pdf
     
- Preface -
Yukon (Free eBooks: North West Territories / Yukon History) - Yukon.pdf
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  -
United States of America: Preface (QUIKLinks for Records) - United States of America
    United States /
Country / Documents / Map
   
United States | Encyclopedia.com: Universities: Education
    -
Culture of the [United States: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the United States
      - Clio - Guide to History and Culture - United States
      - Ethnic and Race:
The Family History Guide
       
-
Preface - African Americans
       
-
Preface - American Jews
       
-
Preface - Asian Americans
        -
Preface -
Atlantic Ocean & It's Islands - Americans
        - Preface - Australasia | New Zealand Americans
       
-
Preface - Canadian Americans
       
- Preface - European Americans
       
- Preface -
Hispanic & Latino Americans
       
- Preface - Middle Eastern Americans
       
-
Preface - Native Americans in the United States
        - Preface - Pacific Islander
       
-
Preface - West Indian (Caribbean) Americans
       
- Preface - White Americans
      -
Group Organizations
      -
Libraries in the United States (archived)
        - Genealogical Research in Government Documents
    - FamilySearch.org: Site Map - News and Information
    - Genealogy & Population
    - General Resources

    - Social Security Records
    - State:State.pdf - (U.S.)
      State & Local Family History
- Universities: Education
      - STATE: Area U.S. Multi-Regional:
        - North East United States
        - North West United States
        - South East United States
        - South West United States
        - Southern United States
        - Western United States
      - State (Local Government} Resources:
Find All Government Offices
         USA Maps
         [Regional Genealogy and Universities: Education are Internal Links]
        
Topic Outline is State (Wikipedia® comprehensive listing of resources)
        - Preface
- Alabama: Alabama State Agency Databases - Alabama.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Alaska: Alaska State Agency Databases - Alaska.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Arizona: Arizona State Agency Databases -
Arizona.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        
- Preface - Arkansas: Arkansas State Agency Databases - Arkansas.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - California ::: California State Agency Databases - California.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Colorado: Colorado State Agency Databases - Colorado.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Connecticut: Connecticut State Agency Databases - Connecticut.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        
- Preface - Delaware: Delaware State Agency Databases - Delaware.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Florida: Florida State Agency Databases - Florida.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Georgia: Georgia State Agency Databases - Georgia.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Hawaii: Hawaii State Agency Databases - Hawaii.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Idaho: Idaho State Agency Databases - Idaho.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Illinois: Illinois State Agency Databases - Illinois.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Indiana: Indiana State Agency Databases - Indiana.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Iowa: Iowa State Agency Databases - Iowa.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Kansas: Kansas State Agency Databases - Kansas.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Kentucky: Kentucky State Agency Databases - Kentucky.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Louisiana: Louisiana State Agency Databases - Louisiana.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Maine: Maine State Agency Databases - Maine.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Maryland: Maryland State Agency Databases - Maryland.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Massachusetts: Mass. State Agency Databases - Massachusetts.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Michigan: Michigan State Agency Databases - Michigan.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Minnesota: Minnesota State Agency Databases - Minnesota.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Mississippi: Mississippi State Agency Databases - Mississippi.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Missouri: Missouri State Agency Databases - Missouri.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Montana: Montana State Agency Databases - Montana.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Nebraska: Nebraska State Agency Databases - Nebraska.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Nevada: Nevada State Agency Databases - Nevada.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
New Hampshire: NH State Agency Databases - New Hampshire.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - New Jersey: New Jersey State Agency Databases - New Jersey.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - New Mexico: New Mexico State Agency Databases - New Mexico.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - New York: New York State Agency Databases - New York.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
North Carolina: NC State Agency Databases - North Carolina.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface North Dakota: North Dakota State Agency Databases - North Dakota.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Ohio: Ohio State Agency Databases - Ohio.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Oklahoma: Oklahoma State Agency Databases - Oklahoma.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Oregon: Oregon State Agency Databases - Oregon.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Agency Databases - Pennsylvania.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Rhode Island: Rhode Island State Agency Databases - Rhode Island.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
South Carolina: SC State Agency Databases - South Carolina.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
South Dakota: South Dakota State Agency Databases - South Dakota.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Tennessee: Tennessee State Agency Databases - Tennessee.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Texas: Texas State Agency Databases - Texas.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Utah: Utah State Agency Database - Utah.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Vermont: Vermont State Agency Databases - Vermont.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Virginia: Virginia State Agency Databases - Virginia.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Washington: Washington State Agency Databases - Washington.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Washington, DC: DC State Agency Databases - Washington, DC.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - West Virginia: West Virginia State Agency Databases - West Virginia.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        - Preface -
Wisconsin: Wisconsin State Agency Databases - Wisconsin.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
        -
Preface - Wyoming: Wyoming State Agency Databases - Wyoming.pdf
          - Map - Regional Genealogy - Topic Outline - Universities: Education
      -
Territories of the United States: Dependent Territory
        - Cyndi's List - United States - U.S. Territories & Possessions
        -
Insular Area
    - United States Vital Records
      - A to Z Death Records
        Search free death records and vital records for the USA.

      -
CDC - National Center for Health Statistics
        -
NVSS - National Vital Statistics System
      -
National Death Index - Data Access
        NCHS
central computerized index of death record
        information on file in the State vital statistics offices.

      -
Online Genealogy Records and Resources
      -
Online United States Birth, Marriage & Death Records
      -
Vital Records for the United States (All States)
        Includes sub sites for all United States counties.

      - Vital Records Information for the United States
        Vital records from each state, territory and county.
      -
VitalChek Express
        Birth certificates, death certificates, marriage records,
        divorce records and vital records.

      - VitalSearch-Worldwide.com: (US) State Search Portal

      -
Where to Write for Vital Records - Foreign Birth and Death Certificates
    -
United States.pdf
    - USA Records
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Λ


MIDDLE AMERICA: Middle America
* COMPREHENSIVE: Topic Outline of
Middle America (Americas)
  - Ancient Cultures of Middle America: Mesoamerica
  -
Middle America | Encyclopedia.com
* COUNTRIES:
  -
Caribbean Region
  - Central America

  - Mexico:
 Preface - Mexico - Mexico / Country / Documents / Map
    Mexico (country, North America) | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of Mexico [Mexico: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Mexico
      - Artes e Historia México
      - Colecciones Mexicanas
      - Life Patterns and Social Differentiation (pdf)
        Americas largest urban entity Mexico City,
        (AD 1770 to 1820 population circa 80,000 to 120,000).
      - Mexican Association of Librarians
      -
Mexico - Resource and Curriculum Guides at Primary Source, Inc.
    - LANIC
    - Mexico Civil Registration
    - Mexico Registro Civil - Registros Civiles en Mexico
      Civil registry offices in Mexico.

    - Mexico.pdf
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Λ


CARIBBEAN REGION:
Preface - Caribbean / Map
* COMPREHENSIVE: Culture of Islands of the Commonwealth Caribbean
 
Topic Outline of the Caribbean
  - Acuril - ACURIL Cyberlinks
  - Association of Caribbean University, Research & Institutional Libraries
  - Caribbean Islands
    - Pan American Health Organization
      -
Organization and Status of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics
      
  In English-speaking Countries of the Caribbean.
  - Caribbean Museums
  -
Caribbean Region | Encyclopedia.com
  - Caribbean Roots
  -
LANIC
  - Life Events - Useful Addresses
* COUNTRIES:
  - ISLAND COUNTRIES and AREAS:
    - Anguilla: Anguilla -
Anguilla / Country / Documents / Map
     
Anguilla | Encyclopedia.com: UK American Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
Anguilla, West Indies (archived)] - Topic Outline of Anguilla
    - Antigua & Barbuda: Antigua & Barbuda - A & B /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Antigua and Barbuda | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
Antigua & Barbuda: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Antigua & Barbuda
        - BirthsDeathsMarriages (pdf)
      - LANIC
    - Aruba: Aruba -
Aruba / Country / Documents / Map
      Aruba | Encyclopedia.com: Netherlands American Dep. - Universities: Education
      -
Culture of [Aruba: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Aruba
        - BNA - Biblioteca Nacional di Aruba
      - LANIC
    - Bahamas: Bahamas -
The Bahamas / Country / Documents / Map
     
Bahamas, The | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Bahamas: Introduction] - Topic Outline of The Bahamas
      - LANIC
    - Barbados: Barbados -
Barbados / Country / Documents / Map
     
Barbados | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Barbados: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Barbados
      - LANIC
    - Cayman Islands: Cayman Islands -
Cayman Islands / Country / Documents / Map
      
Cayman Islands | Encyclopedia.com: UK American Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Cayman Islands: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the Cayman Islands
      - Cayman Islands (archived)
      - LANIC

    - Cuba:
Cuba - Cuba / Country / Documents / Map
     
Cuba | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Cuba
      -
Cuba.pdf
      - Culture of
Cuba [Cuba: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Cuba
        -
ASCUBI - Asociación Cubana de Bibliotecarios
        - Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies: Links
      - LANIC
    - Curacao:
Curaçao - Curacao / Country / Documents / Map
      Curacao | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Culture of [Gobièrnu di Kòrsou] - Topic Outline of Curaçao
    - Dominica: Dominica -
Dominica / Country / Documents / Map
     
Dominica Research - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Dominica: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Dominica
      - LANIC
    - Dominican Republic:
Preface - Dominican Rep. - D. R. / Country / Documents / Map
     
Dominican Republic | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Dominican Republic [DR: Introduction] - Topic Outline of DR
        - Dominican Studies Institute: Links
      -
Dominican Republic
      - Dominican Republic.pdf
      - LANIC
    - Grenada: Grenada -
Grenada / Country / Documents / Map
     
Grenada | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Grenada: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Grenada
      - LANIC
    - Guadeloupe: Guadeloupe -
French West Indies / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Guadeloupe | Encyclopedia.com: French American Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
La Guadeloupe] - Topic Outline of Guadeloupe
      - LANIC
      - Saint Barthelemy: Saint Barthelemy -
French West Indies / Territory / Docs / Map
        - Culture of [
Saint-Barthélemy] - Topic Outline of Saint Barthélemy
          -
Mémoire St Barth | Histoire de l'île de Saint-Barthélemy
    - Haiti: Haiti -
Haiti / Country / Documents / Map
     
Haiti | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of  Haiti [Haiti: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Haiti
      - LANIC
    - Jamaica: Preface - Jamaica - Jamaica / Country / Documents / Map
     
Jamaica | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Jamaica: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Jamaica
        -
Jamaica Library Service
        - Library and Information Association of Jamaica
        - National Library of Jamaica
      -
Jamaica
      - Jamaica Church Records
      -
Jamaica Civil Registration
      - LANIC
      -
Registrar General's Department
    - Leeward Islands: Leeward Islands - Leeward Islands / Islands Area / Docs /
Map
     
Leeward Islands | Encyclopedia.com: United Kingdom American Dependencies
      - Culture of the [
Leeward Islands] - Topic Outline of the Leeward Islands
    - Martinique: Martinique -
French West Indies / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Martinique | Encyclopedia.com: French American Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
La Martinique] - Topic Outline of Martinique
      - LANIC
    - Montserrat: Montserrat -
Montserrat / Country / Documents / Map
     
Montserrat | Encyclopedia.com: UK American Dependencies - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Montserrat (archived)] -
Topic Outline of Montserrat
    - Netherlands Antilles: Netherlands Antilles - N.A. / Dissolution / Documents / Map
      Netherlands Antilles | Encyclopedia.com: Neth. Am. Dep. - Universities: Education
      -
Culture of [Dissolution - Netherlands Antilles] - Topic Outline - Netherlands Antilles
 
   - Puerto Rico: Preface - Puerto Rico - Puerto Rico / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Puerto Rico | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
Puerto Rico] - Topic Outline of Puerto Rico
        -
Bienvenidos a la Enciclopedia de Puerto Rico
        -
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños: Research Guide to the Web
        - Puerto Rican Studies Association: Programs, Research Centers & Publications
        -
Sociedad de Bibliotecarios de Puerto Rico - Inicio
      - LANIC
      -
Puerto Rico
      - Puerto Rico.pdf
      -
Welcome to Puerto Rico! History, Government, Geography, and Culture.
    - Saint Kitts & Nevis: Saint Kitts & Nevis -
St. Kitts & Nevis / Country / Documents / Map
     
Saint Kitts and Nevis | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Saint Kitts & Nevis: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Saint Kitts & Nevis
        -
Historic Basseterre
      - LANIC
    - Saint Lucia: Saint Lucia -
St. Lucia / Country / Documents / Map
     
Saint Lucia | Encyclopedia.com (St. Lucians) - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Saint Lucia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Saint Lucia
      - LANIC
    - Saint Martin: Saint Martin -
French West Indies / Territory / Documents  / Map
     
Saint Martin | (3rd Item in List) Encyclopedia.com  - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
Saint-Martin] - Topic Outline of Saint Martin
      - Sint Maarten: Sint Maarten -
Sint Maarten / Country / Documents / Map
    - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: SV&tG -
St. V &tGrenadines / Country / Documents
     
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [SV & the Grenadines: Introduction] - Topic Outline - SV& the Grenadines
      - LANIC
    - Trinidad & Tobago: Trinidad & Tobago -
T & T  / Country / Documents / Map
     
Trinidad and Tobago | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Trinidad and Tobago: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Trinidad & Tobago
        - Library Association of Trinidad & Tobago
        -
National Library and Information System Authority
      - LANIC
      -
Trinidad and Tobago
    - Turks & Caicos: Turks & Caicos -
Turks & Caicos Islands / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Turks and Caicos Islands | Encyclopedia.com: UK Am. Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Turks & Caicos Islands (archived)] - Topic Outline - Turks & Caicos Islands
        -
Turks and Caicos Museum
      - LANIC
    - Virgin Islands:
     
Virgin Islands | Encyclopedia.com
      - Virgin Islands (British):
Virgin Islands (British) - BVI / Territory / Documents / Map
        British Virgin Islands | Encyclopedia.com: UK Am. Dep. - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
British Virgin Islands (archived)] - Topic Outline of the BV Islands
      - Virgin Islands (U.S.): Virgin Islands (U.S.) -
VI (U.S.) / Territory / Documents / Map
       
United States Virgin Islands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
United States Virgin Islands] - Topic Outline of the US Virgin Islands
          - Virgin Islands Libraries
        - LANIC

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Λ


CENTRAL AMERICA:
Preface* - Central America / Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
Topic Outline of Central America
  -
Central America | Encyclopedia.com
  - Cerámica de los Ancestros: Central America’s Past Revealed
* COUNTRIES:
  - Belize (British Honduras): Belize -
Belize / Country / Documents / Map
    Belize | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of  Belize [Belize: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Belize
      - Belize - LibGuides
      - Belize National Library Service and Information Service
    - LANIC

  - Costa Rica:
Preface - Costa Rica - Costa Rica / Country / Documents / Map
    Costa Rica | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Costa Rica.pdf
    -
Culture of [Costa Rica: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Costa Rica
    - LANIC

  -
El Salvador: Preface* - El Salvador - El Salvador / Country / Documents / Map
    El Salvador | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
El Salvador [El Salvador: Introduction] - Topic Outline of El Salvador
    - El Salvador Civil Registrations

    - El Salvador.pdf
    - LANIC
  - Guatemala:
Preface* - Guatemala - Guatemala / Country / Documents / Map
   
Guatemala | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Guatemala: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Guatemala
      -
Librarianship Association of Guatemala
    - Guatemala.pdf
    - LANIC
  - Honduras: Honduras -
Honduras / Country / Documents / Map
   
Honduras | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Honduras [Honduras: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Honduras
    - Honduras.pdf
    - LANIC
  - Nicaragua: Nicaragua -
Nicaragua / Country / Documents / Map
   
Nicaragua | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Nicaragua [Nicaragua: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Nicaragua
      -
Libraries in Nicaragua - Google™ Image Search
    - LANIC
    -
Nicaragua.pdf
  - Panama: Preface* - Panama - Panama / Country / Documents / Map
    Panama | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Panama [Panama: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Panama
    - LANIC

    - Panama Canal Zone: Part of Country of Panama /
Map
     
Panama Canal | Encyclopedia.com
      - Canal Zone: Where to Write for Vital Records
      - Culture of [Panama Canal Zone]
      - Panama Canal Zone Records

    -
Panama.pdf
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Λ


LATIN AMERICAN: Hispanic - Latino
* COMPREHENSIVE: Iberian Region
  -
Apellidos Italianos
    Genealogía Italiana en Español.
  -
Archivos de Latinoamérica
   
Directions to files, records of genealogical interest, resources and strategies.
  -
Biblioteca Virtual da América Latina
    Virtual Library of Latin America.

  - Colonial Latin America
  -
Directorio de Bibliotecas Españolas: Extranjero
  -
General Archive of the Indies
    Spain's overseas territories: colonies in America and Asia.
  -
HLAS Online: Handbook of Latin American Studies: Latindex

  - Latin America.pdf
  -
Latin American and Caribbean Center
  - Latin American and Iberian Studies
  - Latin American and Spanish Videos Freely Available on the Internet
  - Latin American Institute of Museums
  - Latin American Studies
    -
CLASP, Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs:
Membership
    -
Latin American Studies Association: Links
      Largest professional Association in the world for individuals
      and institutions engaged in the study of Latin America.
    -
Online Resources - Center of Latin American Studies - KU
    - Stanford University Center for Latin American Studies
  - Monografias.com
    Tesis, Documentos, Publicaciones y Recursos Educativos.
  - United States: Chicana/o Studies and Latino Studies
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Λ


SOUTH AMERICA: South America /
Map
* COMPREHENSIVE: Topic Outline of South America
  -
South America | Encyclopedia.com
* COUNTRIES:
  - Argentina: Preface - Argentina -
Argentina / Country / Documents / Map
   
Argentina | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Argentina
    - Argentina Civil Registration
    - Argentina.pdf
    - Culture of [Argentina: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Argentina
      -
Abgra - Librarians Association
    - LANIC
    -
Registro Civil | Buenos Aires Ciudad
      Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
    - Sites of Interest
  - Bolivia: Bolivia -
Bolivia / Bolivia / Documents / Map
   
Bolivia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Bolivia.pdf
    - Culture of
Bolivia [Bolivia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Bolivia
      - Bolivia Cultura:
Bolivia.com
    - LANIC
  - Brazil: Preface - Brazil -
Brazil / Country / Documents / Map
   
Brazil | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Brazil Civil Registration - Vital Records
    -
Brazilink Brazil
    -
Brazil.pdf
    - Culture of
Brazil [Brazil: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Brazil
      - Brazilian Studies Association
      - FEBAB
        Brazilian Federation of Associations of Librarians,
        the Information Scientists & Institutions.
      -
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional: FBN Consorcio
      - Institute of Brazilian Studies
      - UnB Servicos - Links Interessantes
    - LANIC
    -
Portal Brasil
    - Registro Civil
      - Registro Civ
il no Brasil
  - Chile: Preface - Chile -
Chile / Country / Documents / Map
   
Chile | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Chile Civil Registration
    -
Chile.pdf
    - Culture of
Chile [Chile: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Chile
      -
Colegio de Bibliotecarios de Chile CBC | Asociación gremial
    - LANIC
    -
Servicio de Registro Civil e Identificación
  - Colombia: Preface - Colombia -
Colombia / Country / Documents / Map
   
Colombia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Colombia.pdf
    - Culture of
Colombia (Colombia) [Colombia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Colombia
      -
CSIFIU: Colombian Studies Institute
    - LANIC
  - Ecuador: Preface* - Ecuador -
Ecuador / Country / Documents / Map
   
Ecuador | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Ecuador [Ecuador: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Ecuador
      - Ecuadorian Studies - Latin American Studies Association: Links
    - Ecuador.pdf
    - LANIC
  - Guyanese: Guyanese
    - French Guiana: French Guiana -
French Guiana / Country / Documents / Map
     
French Guiana | Encyclopedia.com: French American Dep. - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
La Guyane] - Topic Outline of French Guiana
      - LANIC
    - Guyana: Guyana - Guyana (Co-operative Republic of) /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Guyana | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Guyana [Guyana: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Guyana
        -
Guyana
        - National Library of Guyana
      - LANIC
    - Suriname: Suriname -
Suriname / Country / Documents / Map
     
Suriname | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Suriname: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Suriname
        -
Historical Database Surinam - Cultural Heritage Connections
        - Nationaal Archief Suriname:
Nationaal Archief Suriname
          - Links met betrekking op het archief wezen
      - LANIC
  - Paraguay: Paraguay -
Paraguay / Country / Documents / Map
   
Paraguay | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Paraguay [Paraguay: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Paraguay
    - LANIC
    -
Paraguay.pdf
  - Peru: Preface - Peru -
Peru / Country / Documents / Map
   
Peru | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Peru [Peru: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Peru
      -
Latin American Studies Association: Sections: Sección Perú
      - Quelcas: Portal of the Peruvian Libraries
        -
Libros Peruanos - Inicio
          Portal cultural que promueve autores, editores y libros del Perú.
    - LANIC
    -
Peru
    -
Peru Church Records
    - Peru Civil Registration
    -
Peru.pdf
  - Uruguay: Preface* - Uruguay - Uruguay /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Uruguay | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Uruguay [Uruguay: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Uruguay
    - LANIC
    -
Portal del Estado Uruguayo
    -
Uruguay.pdf 
  - Venezuela: Preface* - Venezuela - Venezuela /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Venezuela | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Venezuela [Venezuela: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Venezuela
      - National Library of Venezuela: BNV (
Map Locations)
    - LANIC
    -
Venezuela.pdf
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Λ


EUROPE: Europe /
Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
Topic Outline of Europe
 
- Biographical Perspectives on European Societies
  -
Consortium of European Research Libraries
    Promoting Europe's cultural heritage in manuscript and print.
  - Europe | Encyclopedia.com
  - To Have & to Hold: Marrying & its Documentation in Western Christendom, 400 - 1600
    Google™ book search review, "through property deeds, marital settlements,
    dotal charters, church court depositions, and other indicia of marital consent." .
  -
University of Warwick Network for Parish Research, Dept of History
    Study of British and European parishes circa A.D. 1300 to1800.
    Includes works on religious, social, political and cultural aspects,
    as well as interdisciplinary and comparative perspectives.
  -
Vienna Database on European Family History

   
Listings of European villages and towns from the 17th to the 20th century.
  -
Visiteurope.com - The Official Portal of Europe
* SUB REGIONAL: Sub Regional
  - Preface: Links about Basques and Basque Culture
  - Slavic Studies
    - American Bibliography of Slavic & East European Studies
    - Slavic and East European Collections at Stanford University Libraries
    - Slavic and East European Studies

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Λ

EUROPEAN AREA COUNTRIES & REGIONS:

* CENTRAL and NORTHWESTERN EUROPE: (
vifanord - Project) Central & NW Europe
  -
Central and Northern Europe | Encyclopedia.com
  - AREA COUNTRIES:
    - Germany: Preface - Germany - Germany /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Germany | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Germany /
East Germany [Germany: Intro.] - Topic Outline of Germany
        - Archivportal-D
        - Clio-online

         
Central Internet gateway for the
          historical sciences in Germany.
          -
Institutionen
            - ASpB -
BIB - VDB
            - German Libraries
            - German Library Association
            - Institut für Museumsforschung
        -
German Studies
          - Centre for German-Jewish Studies: Resources | Research
          -
German Studies
          -
German Studies Resources
          -
German Studies Web
          - Germanic Collections
         
- Institute of Modern Languages Research - Links
          -
Internet | German Studies | Information Services
      - Germans To America.pdf
      - Germany Civil Registration
      -
Germany Country Profile
      -
Germany (East) (Former)
      -
Germany Maps.pdf
      -
Germany.pdf
      - Hinweise zur Genealogie (Genealogy)
      - Link Catalogue: Germany on the Internet - Goethe-Institut
      - Links zur Genealogie und Heraldik - regionalgeschichte.net
      -
MetaGer - die MetaSuche über deutschsprachige Suchmaschinen
    - Liechtenstein: Liechtenstein -
Liechtenstein / Country / Documents / Map
     
Liechtenstein | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Liechtenstein: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Liechtenstein
        - European Microstates
      - Fürstentum Liechtenstein
      -
Liechtenstein Country Profile
    - Poland: Preface - Poland - Poland /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Poland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
Poland [Poland: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Poland
        - Archives in Poland
        - Polish Libraries (EBIB - Electronic Library)
          -
Biblioteka Narodowa: CBN Polona
          -
Poland | EIFL: Consortium
          -
Polish Library in Washington - Links
        -
Polish Studies Center - Links
          - Polish Studies: Research & Technology Guides
      -
Guide to Resources on Poland
      - InfoPoland:
Poland on the Web
      -
Obtaining Polish Records
      -
Poland Church Records
      - Poland Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
Poland Country Profile
      - Poland.pdf
      -
Polish Webliography
      -
Populations and People: Genealogy
      - Vital Records in Poland (plus Jewish information)
    - Switzerland: Preface - Switzerland -
Switzerland / Country / Documents / Map
     
Switzerland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Switzerland: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Switzerland
        -
BIS Bibliothek Information Schweiz
        -
Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek NB -SwissInfoDesk Links: Links per Kanton
        - SwissStudies.org
        -
SWITCH: Swiss Libraries
      - Genealogy in French-speaking Switzerland
      - Swiss Genealogy: Cantons
      - Swissworld.org
      -
Switzerland Country Profile
      -
Switzerland.pdf

  - BALTIC STATES REGION: Baltic Region /
Map
    Comprehensive:
    -
Baltic States | Encyclopedia.com
    - Baltic States.pdf
    - Baltic Studies AABS
    -
Guide to Resources on the Baltic Region
    Countries:
    - Estonia: Preface* -
Estonia - Estonia / Country / Documents / Map
     
Estonia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Estonia [Estonia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Estonia
        -
Estonia | EIFL: Consortium
        -
Estonian Librarians Association
        - Estonian Libraries on the Internet
      -
Estonia Country Profile
      -
Estonian Webliography
      -
Guide to Resources on Estonia
    - Latvia: Preface - Latvia -
Latvia / Country / Documents / Map
     
Latvia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Latvia [Latvia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Latvia
        -
Latvia | EIFL: Consortium
        - Latvia SIG - Latvian State Historical Archives
      - Guide to Resources on Latvia
      -
Latvia Country Profile
      -
Latvian Webliography
    - Lithuania: Preface - Lithuania -
Lithuania / Country / Documents / Map
     
Lithuania | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Lithuania [Lithuania: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Lithuania
        -
Lithuania | EIFL: Consortium
        -
Lithuanian Librarians' Association
      - Guide to Resources on Lithuania
      -
Lithuania Country Profile
      -
Lithuanian Webliography

  - BENELUX REGION: Benelux Region / Around Guides
    [Be-ne-lux = BE: Belgium - NE: Netherlands - LUX: Luxembourg]
    Countries:
    - Belgium: Preface - Belgium -
Belgium / Country / Documents / Map
     
Belgium | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Belgium Civil Registers
      -
Belgium Country Profile
      - Belgium Population Registers
      -
Belgium.pdf
      - Culture of [Belgium: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Belgium
        - Belgian Association for Documentation
        - Dutch Culture
          - Association for Low Countries Studies: Links
          -
Dutch Studies Web
        - Flemish Association for Library, Archives and Documentation
        - Ons Erfdeel - Links
          The Flemish-Netherlands cultural association.
        -
State Archives in Belgium: Archives Depositories
    - Luxembourg: Luxembourg - Luxembourg /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Luxembourg | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Luxembourg: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Luxembourg
        - ALBAD
        - Archives Nationales de Luxembourg
          - Recherche généalogique
      -
Luxembourg Country Profile
      -
Luxembourg.pdf
    - Netherlands: Preface - Netherlands - Netherlands /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Netherlands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Netherlands: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of the Netherlands
        -
CAANS - ACAEN: Organizations & Centres for Netherlandic Studies
        - Internationale Vereniging voor Neerlandistiek (IVN)
        - KNVI: Nederlandse Vereniging voor Beroepsbeoefenaren . . .
          - Netherlands Public Library Association
        -
Mutual Cultural Heritage - Cultural Heritage Connections
      - Islands:
Dependent Territory
      - Netherlands Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
Netherlands Country Profile
      -
Netherlands.pdf

  - FRISIAN REGION: Frisian Region / Map
    -
Frisians | Encyclopedia.com

  - SCANDINAVIAN REGION: Scandinavian /
Map
    Comprehensive:
    - Culture of Scandinavian Region
      - Scandinavian Studies
        - American-Scandinavian Foundation
        -
Internet | Scandinavian Studies | Information Services
        - Scandinavian Studies Subject Guide
        -
Scandinavian Studies Web
        -
Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Studies: Other Sites of Interest
    -
Scandinavia | Encyclopedia.com
    -
Scandinavia.pdf
    Countries: Nordic - Project Runeberg
    - Denmark: Preface - Denmark - Denmark /
Country / Denmark / Map
     
Denmark | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Civil Registration System in Denmark
        Registration of births, marriages and deaths, etc., has for centuries
        taken place in the parish registers. An actual registration
        of the nation's population did not take place until 1924,
        when an act of parliament created local municipal registers.
        - Denmark Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
Copenhagen and Denmark Links
      - Culture of [Denmark: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Denmark
        -
Danish Library Association Links
        - Nordic Studies - Denmark
        - Royal Library
          - Electronic Resources
          -
Genealogy: Danish Collections (The National Collections)
      - Denmark Church Records
      -
Denmark Country Profile
      -
Denmark.pdf
      - Genealogy of News (pdf)
        Researching journalistic food-chains [Denmark].
      - Islands:
Dependent Territory
    -
Finland: Preface - Finland - Finland / Country / Documents / Map
     
Finland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Finland [Finland: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Finland
        -
Kirjastoseuran etusivu
        - Nordic Studies - Finland

      -
Finland Church Records
      - Finland Civil Registration - Vital Records

      -
Finland Country Profile
      - Finland.pdf
      -
Guide to Resources on Finland
      - thisisFINLAND
      - Virtual Finland
    - Iceland: Preface - Iceland - Iceland /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Iceland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Iceland: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Iceland
        -
Institute for Icelandic Studies: Forsíða
        - Nordic Studies - Iceland
        - Timarit.is - Search
      -
Iceland Country Profile
      -
Iceland.pdf
    - Norway: Preface - Norway - Norway /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Norway | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Norway: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Norway
        - Nordic Studies - Norway
        - Norway Archives and Libraries
        - Norway Cultural Profile (archived)
        - Norwegian Library Association
      -
HUNT - The Nord Trøndelag Health Study
        Personal
and family medical histories database.
      - Islands:
Islands - Dependent Territory
      -
Norway Country Profile
      - Norway Vital Records
      -
Norway.pdf
      -
Norwegian Historical Data Centre
        -
Historical Microdata around the World (1st version) (archived)
      -
Oluf Rygh: Norwegian Farm Names: Search Form

       
Late 19th century land registry catalogue over
        the names of the main Norwegian farms.
    - Sweden: Preface - Sweden - Sweden /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Sweden | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Sweden: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Sweden
        - Nordic Studies - Sweden
        - Preface: Nordisk familjebok
          Digital facsimile of Nordisk familjebok,
          Sweden's most comprehensive encyclopedia.
        -
Swedish Library Association
          - National Library of Sweden
            - Centrala Avtal Databaser -
For Libraries - LIBRIS
      -
Demographic Data Base: Parish Regiister Material
        - Genealogical Service - Umeå University, Sweden
      -
Giving Up Foreign Names (pdf)
        Empirical examination of surname change and earnings.
      - Population Registration in Sweden
      - Sweden Church Records
      -
Sweden Country Profile
      -
Sweden.pdf
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Λ

* EASTERN EUROPE:
Preface* - Eastern Europe
  - AREA COMPREHENSIVE:
 
  - Eastern Europe.pdf
    - Eastern European Immigration | Encyclopedia.com
    - REESWeb - WWW Virtual Library: Russian & East European Studies
      - Russian, Eurasian & East European Studies
    - ViFaOst: Virtual Library Eastern Europe
  - AREA COUNTRIES:
    - Austria:
Preface - Austria - Austria / Country / Documents / Map
     
Austria | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - AEIOU * Österreich-Lexikon
      - Austria Country Profile
      -
Austria.pdf
      - Culture of
Austria [Austria: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Austria
        - Association of Austrian Librarians
          - Public Libraries in Austria
        - Center for Austrian Studies
      -
Guide to Resources on Austria
    - Belarus: Preface* -
Belarus - Belarus / Country / Documents / Map
     
Belarus | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Belarus Country Profile
      -
Belarusian Webliography
      - Culture of Belarus [Belarus: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Belarus
        -
Archives of Belarus: Genealogy
        - Belarus | EIFL
        - Belarus Records in Various Archives
        - Belarusian Library Association
      -
Guide to Resources on Belarus
    - Czech Republic: Preface - Czech Republic
      Czech Republic /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Czech Republic | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Czech Republic: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the Czech Republic
        - SKIP: Association of Library & Info Professionals - Czech Republic
      -
Czech Republic Church Records
      - Czech Republic Civil Registration

      -
Czech Republic Country Profile
      -
Czech Webliography
      - (Former) Culture of Czechoslovakia [
History of Czechoslovakia]
        - Czechoslovakia.pdf
        -
Czechoslovakia Education System
        -
Czechoslovakia | Encyclopedia.com
      -
Guide to Resources on the Czech Republic
    - Hungary: Preface - Hungary - Hungary / Country / Documents / Map
     
Hungary | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
Hungary [Hungary: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Hungary
        -
Association of Hungarian Librarians
        - Hungarian Studies
          -
Center for Hungarian Studies & Publications, Inc. - Resources
          - Hungarian Studies Association - Resources
          - Institute of Hungarian Studies at IU
      -
Guide to Resources on Hungary
      -
Hungarian Webliography
      -
Hungary Church Records
      - Hungary Civil Registration

      -
Hungary Country Profile
      - Hungary.pdf
    - Moldova: Preface* - Moldova - Moldova / Country / Documents / Map
     
Moldova | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
All Moldova
      - Culture of Moldova [Moldova: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Moldova
        -
Moldova | EIFL: Consortium
      -
Ministry of Information Development: Natural Persons
        Registers of birth, marriage, death acts and other services.
      -
Moldova Country Profile
      - moldova.org
      -
Republic of Moldova
    -
Russia: Preface - Russia - Russian Federation / Country / Documents / Map (Asia)
      Russia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Culture of Russia [Russia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Russia
        - History of Russia: History of the Grand Caucasus - Russian History
        - Rubricon®
          Russia's largest reference site.
          - Complete List of Rubricon® Reference Titles
        -
Russia | EIFL: Consortium

        -
Russian Library Association: RLA Members
        - Russian Museums Association
        - Russian National Library: National Library of Russia
        - Russian State Library:
Russian State Library
        - Russian Studies
          -
Internet | Russian Studies | Information Services
          -
Russian Studies
        -
Siberian Studies: Links
        - Soviet Union: Culture of Soviet Union
(Former)
          - Soviet Social System Online
        -
Soyuz | Postsocialist Cultural Studies
      - Germans from Russia Heritage Collection: Links
        - Germans From Russia.pdf
      -
Guide to Resources on Russia

      - Peasant Marriage in Nineteenth-Century Russia
      - Propiska
       
Record of place of residence.
      -
Russia Country Profile
      -
Russia Vital Records Index
      -
Russian Webliography
      -
Russia.pdf
    - Slovakia: Preface - Slovakia - Slovakia / Country / Documents / Map
     
Slovakia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Slovakia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Slovakia
        - Czechoslovakia (Former) [
Czechoslovakia]
        - Digitálna knižnica a digitálny archív
        -
Slovakia Cultural Profile (archived)
      -
Guide to Resources on Slovakia
      -
Slovak Webliography
      - Slovakia Church Records
      -
Slovakia Churches & Their Records
      - Slovakia Civil Registration
      -
Slovakia Country Profile
      - Useful Links
    -
Ukraine: Preface - Ukraine - Ukraine / Country / Documents / Map
      Ukraine | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Culture of [Ukraine: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Ukraine
        - American Association of Ukrainian Studies Recommended Links
        - Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute: [Archives in Ukraine -
Links (archived)]
        - Міжнародна асоціація україністів
        -
Ukraine | EIFL: Consortium
        - Ukrainian Archives
        -
Ukrainian Library Association
      - Guide to Resources on Ukraine
      -
Ukraine Country Profile
      - Ukraine.pdf
      - Ukrainian Webliography
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Λ

* SOUTHERN EUROPE (Mediterranean): Southern Europe (Mediterranean)
  - AREA COUNTRIES:
    -
France: Preface - France - France / Country / Documents / Map
     
France | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [France: Introduction] - Topic Outline of France
        - Association of French Librarians
        - Centre for French History and Culture
        - Early French Books Websites
        -
French History On-Line
        -
French Studies (Languages, Literatures & Cultures): Society for French Studies
        -
French Studies Web
        -
Internet | French Studies | Information Services
          - Stanford University: Online French Studies
        -
Library Catalogues and Directories
          Demography Bookmarks - Ined - Institut national d’études démographiques.
      - Fédération Française de Généalogie:
Genealogy at School

      -
France Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
France Country Profile
      - France.pdf
      - Guide-Genealogie.com
      - Islands: Islands
        - Corsica:
Corsica
         
Corsica | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
          Culture of [
Corsica]
    - Italy: Preface - Italy -
Italy / Country / Documents / Map
      Italy | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Italy: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Italy
        -
Center for Italian Studies: Italian Web Sites
        -
Internet | Italian Studies | Information Services
        - Italian Library Association: Biblioteche in Italia
        - Italian Studies Web
        -
Stanford University: Online Italian Studies
      - Islands: Islands
        - Sardinia:
Sardinia
         
Sardinia | Encyclopedia.com
          - Culture of [
Regione Autonoma della Sardegna]
        - Sicily:
Sicily
          Sicily | Encyclopedia.com
          - Culture of [
Regione Siciliana]
      - Italy Civil Registration- Vital Records
      -
Italy Country Profile
      -
Italy.pdf
      - San Marino: San Marino -
San Marino [Italy] / Country / Documents / Map
       
San Marino | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [San Marino: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of San Marino
          - European Microstates
        -
San Marino Country Profile
      - Vatican (Holy See): Vatican -
Vatican [Italy] / Country / Documents / Map
       
Vatican City | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [Holy See: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Vatican City
          -
Città del Vaticano: Select-Sites
          - European Microstates
          - Rome Reborn: Images for Ancient Rome in 3D
          -
YouTube™ - Vaticanit's Channel
          - Vatican Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana)
    - Malta: Malta - Malta /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Malta | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [
Malta: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Malta
        - European Microstates
        - Malta Library & Information Association
      -
Malta Country Profile
    - Monaco: Monaco -
Monaco / Country / Documents / Map
     
Monaco | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Monaco: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Monaco
        - European Microstates
      -
Monaco Country Profile

  - BALKAN REGION: Balkan Region /
Map
    Comprehensive:
    -
Balkans | Encyclopedia.com
    -
Guide to Resources on the Balkans
    - Historical Regions of the Balkan Peninsula
    - History Research Institutes in Southeast Europe: A Handbook (pdf)
    Countries:
    -
Albania: Albania - Albania / Country / Documents / Map
      Albania | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Albania Country Profile
      - Albanian Webliography
      -
Albania.pdf
      - Culture of
Albania [Albania: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Albania
        -
Albania | EIFL
        -
Albanology: International Network of Albanology
        - Libraries & Archives
          - National Library of Albania: Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë
      - Guide to Resources on Albania
    - Bosnia & Herzegovina: Bosnia & Herzegovina - B&H /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Bosnia And Herzegovina | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Profile
      -
Bosnian Webliography
      - Culture of [Bosnia & Herzegovina: Introduction] - Topic Outline of B & H
        - Bosnia and Herzegovina
        -
Bosnia and Herzegovina | EIFL: Consortium
    - Bulgaria: Bulgaria - Bulgaria /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Bulgaria | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Bulgaria Church Records
      - Bulgaria Civil Registration
      -
Bulgaria Country Profile
      -
Bulgarian Webliography
      - Culture of
Bulgaria [Bulgaria: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Bulgaria
        -
Bulgaria | EIFL: Consortium
        - Bulgarian Library Information Association
        -
Bulgarians and Jews Throughout History (pdf)
        -
Resources - Bulgarian Studies
        -
SS. Cyril & Methodius National Library:
National Library
      -
Guide to Resources on Bulgaria
    - Croatia: Preface - Croatia - Croatia /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Croatia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Croatia Country Profile
      - Croatian Webliography
      - Culture of [Croatia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Croatia
        - CARNet - Croatian Academic and Research Network
        - Croatian Library Association
    - Greece: Preface - Greece - Greece /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Greece | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Greece: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Greece
        - From Salonika to America and Back (pdf)
        -
Greek Librarians Association
        - Lexicon of Greek Personal Names: Asia Minor
      - General Secretariat for Greeks Abroad / Greek State on the Net
        -
Language & Culture - News Sites - S.A.E.
      - Greece Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
Greece Country Profile
      - Greece.pdf
      -
Greek Webliography
      - World Council of Hellenes Abroad: Useful Links
    - Kosovo: Kosovo - Kosovo /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Kosovo | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Kosovo: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Kosovo
        - Biblioteka Kombëtare dhe Universitare e Kosovës
        -
Kosovo | EIFL
      -
Kosovo Country Profile
    - Montenegro: Montenegro - Montenegro /
Country / Documents / Montenegro Map
     
Montenegro | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Montenegro: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Montenegro
        -
COBISS.CG - Participating Libraries
      - Montenegro Country Profile
    - North Macedonia (Republic of): North Macedonia
      North Macedonia /
Country / Documents / Map
      [North] Macedonia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [(North) Macedonia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of North Macedonia
        - Cultural and Scientific Institutions of Macedonia
        -
EIFL in North Macedonia | EIFL
      -
Government of the Republic of North Macedonia
      -
Macedonia Country Profile
      -
Macedonian Webliography
    - Romania: Preface - Romania - Romania /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Romania | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
Romania [Romania: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Romania
        -
CIMEC - Institute for Cultural Memory
        -
Society for Romanian Studies: Links
      -
Guide to Resources on Romania
      -
Romania Church Records
      - Romania Civil Registration
      -
Romania Country Profile
      -
Romanian Webliography
      -
Romania.pdf
    - Serbia: Preface* -
Serbia - Serbia / Country / Documents / Serbia Map
     
Serbia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Serbia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Serbia
        - Adresar biblioteka
        - Digitalna Narodna biblioteka Srbije
        -
Resources - Serbian Studies
        - Serbia | EIFL
      -
Serbia | Columbia | East Central European Center
      - Serbian Webliography
    - Slovenia:
Preface - Slovenia - Slovenia / Country / Documents / Map
     
Slovenia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Slovenia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Slovenia
        -
Library Association of Slovenia (Slovene)
        -
Slovenia Cultural Profile (archived)
        -
Slovenia | EIFL: Consortium
      -
Slovenia Country Profile
      - Slovenia Webliography
      - slovenia.si:
slovenia in brief (archived)
        Gateway to information on Slovenia.
    - Turkish Thrace: Turkish Thrace - Universities: Education
    - Yugoslavia [defunct]: Yugoslavia - Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of
     
Yugoslavia | Encyclopedia.com
      - Culture of
Yugoslavia (Former) [Breakup of Yugoslavia]
        -
Yugoslavia Education System
        - Yugosphere - Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
      -
Guide to Resources on Yugoslavia
      -
Yugoslavia.pdf

  - IBERIAN REGION: Iberian Region /
Map
    Comprehensive:
    - Hispanic - Latino
    -
Iberian Studies Web
    - Latin American
    - Library of Iberian Resources Online
    -
The Iberian Peninsula | Encyclopedia.com
    Countries:
    - Andorra: Andorra - Andorra /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Andorra | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      -
Andorra Country Profile
      - Culture of [Andorra: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Andorra
        - European Microstates
    - Gibraltar: Gibraltar -
Gibraltar / Country / Documents / Map
     
Gibraltar | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Gibraltar (archived)] -
Topic Outline of Gibraltar
    - Portugal: Preface - Portugal - Portugal /
Country / Documents / Map
     
Portugal | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
Portugal [Portugal: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Portugal
        -
Gateways for and to Portugal - Iberian Studies Web
        - Iberian Studies in SALALM (ISiS)
        - Portuguese Association of Librarians, Archivists and Documentalists
        - Resources for Portugal
      -
Instituto dos Registos e Notariado: Início
      - Islands: Islands
      - Portugal Catholic Church Records
      - Portugal Civil Registration Records
      -
Portugal Country Profile
      -
Portugal.pdf
      - Registro Civil
    -
Spain: Preface - Spain - Spain / Country / Documents / Map
     
Spain | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Spain [Spain: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Spain
        - Associations of Archivists, Librarians and Museologists
        -
Directorio de bibliotecas españolas
        - Gateways for and to Spain - Iberian Studies Web
        - Iberian Studies in SALALM (ISiS)
        -
Una visió histórica del treball a partir de l'estudi genealògic d'una família
 
        Historical view of labor from the genealogical study of a family:
          The Guimerà of El Vendrell, 1600-1924.
      - Islands: Islands
        -
The Balearic Islands
         
Balearic Islands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
          - Culture of [
Balearic Islands]
      -
Resources for Spain

      -
Spain Catholic Church Records
      -
Spain Civil Registration
      -
Spain Country Profile
      -
Spain.pdf
↑ up
Λ

* WESTERN EUROPE: Western Europe
  - AREA COMPREHENSIVE:
    -
European Union Center of Excellence/ European Studies Center: Resource Links
    -
WESSWeb: Western European Studies Section

  - BRITISH ISLES REGION: British Isles

    Comprehensive:
    -
British Isles.pdf
    - Culture of Britain
      -
Anglo-Norman Dictionary
      - British Arctic Whaling
      - British History Online
      - Great Britain (British Studies)
      - Institute for British and Irish Studies: IBIS Links
        Web’s premier clearinghouse for electronic resources in British and Irish Studies.
      - Network for Parish Research
        Study of British and European parishes circa A.D. 1300 to1800.
        Includes works on religious, social, political and cultural aspects,
        as well as interdisciplinary and comparative perspectives.
        - Parish Register:
Parish Records
          - FreeREG: Search English Parish Register Transcripts & Indexes
      -
Renaissance Festival Books
      - Vision of Britain Through Time
        National on-line library for local history
.
      - Who Are These Tribes?
    - FamilySearch.org: Site Map - News and Information
    Countries:
    - Ireland:
Preface - Ireland [Republic of Ireland] - Ireland / Country / Documents / Map
     
Ireland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Ireland: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the Republic of Ireland
        - American Conference for Irish Studies: Links
        - Center for Celtic Studies Links (UW-Milwaukee)
        -
Dalarna University Centre for Irish Studies
        -
DHO: Digital Humanities Observatory: DRAPIer
          Interactive database of digital humanities projects
          created by third level institutions on the island of Ireland.
        -
DIPPAM: Documenting Ireland - Parliament, People & Migration
        -
Gaeilge ar an Ghréasán
          D
irectory of Irish language sites on the Internet
.
          - Dictionary of the Irish Language: eDIL - Irish Language Dictionary
        -
Irish Studies Web
        -
Library Association of Ireland
        - Placenames Database of Ireland
        -
School of Celtic Studies: Links
          - Bibliography of Irish Linguistics and Literature
      - Family History (LifeSteps) - LifeSteps Project
      -
General Register Office Ireland: Links
      - Ireland Church Records
      -
Ireland Civil Registration
      -
Ireland Country Profile
      -
Ireland.pdf
      -
Searc's Web Guide to Irish Resources on the Internet: Genealogy

    -
UNITED KINGDOM REGION:
Preface - United Kingdom
      United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland, N. Ireland)  /
Country / Documents
/ Map
      UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      Comprehensive:
      - Culture of the [United Kingdom: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the United Kingdom
        - A to Z of UK Council Archives
         
Family history and local research.
        - Local History Societies
          -
Evaluation of Public Library Local Studies Websites in the United Kingdom (pdf)
        - National Archives: A to Z
          -
Browse Catalogue: Discover Our Collections
        - TheBigProject
          Startpage with links to the most useful UK websites.
        - UK Public Libraries
        -
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Country Profile

      Comprehensive - England and Wales:
      - Birth, Marriage, & Death: Ritual, Religion & Life Cycle in Tudor & Stuart England
        Google™ book search review, "a massive and well-documented overview
        of the experience of, and attitudes towards, various aspects of the life-cycle"
        in Tudor (1485 -1603) and Stuart England (1603 - 1714).
      -
BMD Registers: The Official Non-Parochial BMDs Service
      -
England and Wales: General Register Office (GRO)
        Official information on births, marriages and deaths.
      - England & Wales Registration Certificate Tutorials
      - Family Relatives: Free Records and Pay-Per-View Records
        Over 600 million records which can be searched for free; additional pay access.
      -
Findmypast.co.uk: Search All Records
        - Search Birth, Marriage and Death Records
          Search Birth, Marriage and Death records 1837 - 2006 & later; overseas BMDs;
          extensive collection of parish records, some from as early as 1538; pay access.
      - FreeBMD for England and Wales

      Countries - England and Wales:
      - England: Preface - England - England /
Country / Documents / Map
        [PREFACE: Bedfordshire - Berkshire - Buckinghamshire - Cambridgeshire
        Cheshire - Cornwall - Cumberland - Derbyshire - Devon - Dorset - Durham - Essex
        Gloucestershire - Hampshire - Herefordshire - Kent - Lancashire - Leicestershire
        Lincolnshire - London - Middlesex - Norfolk - Northamptonshire - Northumberland
        Nottinghamshire - Shropshire - Somerset - Staffordshire - Suffolk - Surrey - Sussex
        Warwickshire - Westmorland - Wiltshire - Worcestershire - Yorkshire]
       
England | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - ContactPoint: Universal Child Database
          - Every Child Matters:
ContactPoint
        - Culture of [
English Heritage]
          - British Library
          - Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540-1835
          -
England - Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
          - English Diocesan Records
            Archdeaconry resources, manuscripts and special collections.
            -
Archdeaconry of Nottingham: Records of the Historic Archd. of Nottingham (pdf)
            -
Internet Resources and Links - The University of Nottingham
          - HeritageGateway
          -
Museum of English Rural Life (MERL)
        - England Civil Registration
        -
England Jurisdictions 1851
        -
England.pdf
        - Family History & Genealogy - North West England Resources
        -
Institute for Name-Studies: Key
          - Survey of English Place-Names: List of Volumes
        - London: London
         
London - New World Encyclopedia - Universities: Education
          - Culture of [
London]
            - Libraries and Archives:
Libraries near London, UK
          -
London Family History Centre
        -
North East England History Institute
        -
Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England: Database - Reference
          (PASE) database to cover all of the recorded inhabitants of England
          from the late sixth to the end of the eleventh century; from a systematic
          examination of the available written sources for the period, including
          chronicles, saints’ Lives, charters, libri vitae, inscriptions, and coins.

      - Wales: Preface - Wales - Wales /
Country / Documents / Map
       
Wales | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
Wales]
          -
A to Z Listing: Museums, Archives & Libraries
            -
Libraries & Archives in Wales
              -
Archives: Archives Wales
            - Museums
          -
Center for the Study of Ancient Wales
          - Dictionary of the Welsh Language: Links
          -
Links: Welsh Language Tools for Genealogists
          - North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture & History
          -
Wales - Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
        - Wales Civil Registration
        - Wales | wales.com - Official Gateway to Wales:
History & Ancestry
        - Wales.pdf
        -
Welsh Genealogy - US Library of Congress (pdf)

      Counties - Other UK and UK Territories:
      - Northern Ireland: Preface
- N. Ireland - N. Ireland / Country / Documents / Map
       
Northern Ireland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        -
Centre for Migration Studies - External Links
        - Culture of [
Northern Ireland]
          -
Library & Information Services Council: Links
          - Northern Ireland Libraries.net
          -
Northern Ireland Publications Resource: Links
          -
Northern Ireland - Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
          -
Ulster Scots People: Web Links
        -
Ireland.pdf
        -
Northern Ireland: Government, Citizens and Rights | nidirect
        -
PRONI: Public Record Office of Northern Ireland
        -
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Country Profile

      - Scotland: Preface - Scotland - Scotland /
Country / Documents / Map
       
Scotland | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
Scotland]
          -
Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals in Scotland
          - Dictionary of the Scots Language
          -
Internet | Celtic & Scottish Studies | Information Services
          -
Scotland Cultural Profile (archived): Scran Trust - Scotland's Culture
          -
Scotland - Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education
          -
Scottish Library & Information Council
          -
Scottish Library & Information Resources Online (SLIR)
          - Virtual Vault
        -
Scotland Church Records
        - Scotland Civil Registration - Vital Records

        -
Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland: Links
        - Scotland.pdf
        - Scottish Family History
        -
University of Glasgow: Scottish Way of Birth and Death
          Census and
registers of births, marriages and deaths.

      - Territories: United Kingdom Dependent Territory
        - British Overseas Territories: Background
        - Crown Dependencies:
          - Channel Islands: Channel Islands -
Channel Islands / Documents / Map
           
Channel Islands | Encyclopedia.com
            - Culture of [Channel Islands (archived)]:

              -
Channel Islands
                - [
Bailiwick of Guernsey (archived)]: Topic Outline of Guernsey
                - [Bailiwick of Jersey (archived)]: Topic Outline of Jersey
          - Isle of Man: Isle of Man -
Isle of Man / Documents / Map
           
Isle Of Man | Encyclopedia.com
            - Culture of [
The Isle of Man (archived)] - Topic Outline of the Isle of Man
↑ upΛ


ASIA: Asia / Map - Topic Outline of Asia
* COMPREHENSIVE:
  - Asia.pdf
  - Asian Studies

    - Asian Studies WWW VL: [Search Engines -
Selected Internet Links]
      -
CrossAsia-Repository

      -
East Asian Studies: East Asian Library (Starr)
        -
East Asian Studies
        - Resources for East Asian Studies
      -
Indology
        -
Dravidian Studies
        - Indological Network Resources
      -
Internet Resources for South Asian Studies: Internet Resources
        -
Academic Institutions around the World, connected to research on South Asia
        -
Digital South Asia Library
        -
South Asian Studies Virtual Library
      - Southeast Asian Studies: South & Southeast Asian Studies
        - SUB Göttingen
          South, southeast Asian languages and cultures (Indology).
  - Asian American Net : East Asia Far East
  - Asian American Net : South Asia
  - Asian American Net : Southeast Asia
  - AsiaPortal: Libraries & Archives in South Asia
  -
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
* COUNTRIES:
  - Bangladesh: Bangladesh - Bangladesh /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Bangladesh | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Bangladesh [Bangladesh: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Bangladesh
      - American Institute of Bangladesh Studies
      - BALID: Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Info Scientists & Documentalists
        - Library Association of Bangladesh
      - BanglaLibrary Research Organisation
    - National Web Portal Of Bangladesh:
District Portals

  - Bhutan: Bhutan -
Bhutan / Country / Documents / Map
   
Bhutan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Bhutan Portal: A-Z Agency Index
    - Culture of Bhutan [Bhutan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Bhutan
      -
Centre for Bhutan Studies
      -
National Library of Bhutan
      -
National Museum of Bhutan - Royal Government of Bhutan

  - Brunei: Brunei - Brunei /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Brunei | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Brunei: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Brunei
      -
Brunei Darussalam - Key Information on Brunei
      -
Brunei Resources
      - Malaysia - Singapore - Brunei Studies Group

  - Cambodia: Cambodia - Cambodia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Cambodia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Cambodia: Internet Resources
    - Culture of
Cambodia [Cambodia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Cambodia
      -
Cambodia Cultural Profile (archived)
      - Cambodia | EIFL
      -
Cambodian Recent History and Contemporary Society
      -
Cambodian SEAsite: Links
      - Center for Khmer Studies
      - Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center

  - China: Preface - China -
China / Country / Documents / Map
   
China | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Baidu Search Engine - Google
™ China - qq.com - sina.com.cn/ - Web Sites
    - China In Brief: National Tourism Administration of the PRC: World Cultural Heritage
    -
China.pdf
    - Chinese Cult of Chinggis Khan (pdf) - Genghis Khan: Descent
      Genealogical nationalism and problems of national and cultural integrity.
      - Secret History of the Mongols: Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center
    -
Chinese Genealogies as a Source for Demographic Research
    -
Chinese Nationalism: East Asian Cultural Sphere
      -
CCTR: Maritime Asia and the Chinese Overseas (1405 - 2005) (pdf)
      - Chinese M
aritime Customs Project: China Coast Family History
      - World Huaren Federation
        -
Chinese Communities Worldwide: Useful Huaren Links
        -
Comprehensive Bibliography of 'Overseas Chinese Studies' - Southeast Asia
    - Confucius:
Confucianism (September 28, 551 – 479 BC)
      Confucius' family genealogy may be the longest in the world.
      - Confucius Family: Qufu and Kung Te-cheng
      -
Confucius: Only 2 Million Descendants
    - Culture of
China [China: Introduction] - Topic Outline of China
      -
百度百科——全球最大中文百科全书 (Baidu Encyclopedia)
      -
China | EIFL
      -
China Through Western Eyes: [Digitization Project - Modern China Research]
      - Chinese Civilisation Centre
      - Chinese Legal History Special Collection
      -
Chinese Rubbings Collection: Browse
      - Chinese Studies WWW Virtual Library
        - Asian Studies Programs and Centers: China
        - China in Comparative Perspective Network
          Global academic organization for the study of China and the Chinese.
          -
CCPN Global's Academic Links in China
        - Internet Guide for Chinese Studies
        -
Nanyang Technological University Libraries
          -
Chinese Library: Web Resources - Chinese Studies
          -
Wang Gungwu Library: Web Resources - Chinese Overseas
        - Online Resources for Chinese Studies in North American Libraries
      -
Culture & History - China Gateway
      -
Historical Chinese Language Materials in British Columbia: Related Materials
      - Institute of Chinese Studies (University of Heidelberg)
        - EVOCS: European Virtual OPAC for Chinese Studies
      -
Internet Reference Guide : China, Taiwan, Macau
      -
Kultur und Gesellschaft Chinas
        - Archives - Chinese Studies
        - Archives at China's Imperial Court
      - Libraries in China
        - Digital Library of China
        - Directory of Libraries in China and Worldwide
        - Libraries & Archives
        - Library and Information Science Societies
        - Main Libraries in China
        -
National Library of China
        -
Open Search
        -
Public Libraries
      - Modern Chinese Literature and Culture Resource Center
      -
Sinology: Topic Outline of Sinology
    - Design and Implementation of a Chinese Genealogy Information System (pdf)
    - GoogleBooks China (Beta)
    - Hong Kong: Hong Kong -
Hong Kong / Special Status / Documents / Map
     
Hong Kong | Encyclopedia.com: Dependencies - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Hong Kong: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Hong Kong
        - Government Records Service
        - Hong Kong Library Association
          - Directories: Gateway Name Directory
      - Hong Kong.pdf
    -
Hukou System
      Refers also to a family register in many contexts since the household registration
      record is issued per family, and usually includes the births, deaths, marriages,
      divorces, and moves, of all members in the family.
    - Human Capital and Fertility in Chinese Clans - AD 1300 to 1850 (pdf)
      Chinese genealogies as a source for economics research.
    -
Landscape into Places: Feng-shui Model: Place Making & Cross-cultural Comparisons
      Land and other physical features of places, associated with segmentation of lineage,
      with dwelling patterns and social groupings related to Ancestor Veneration.
    - Macau: Macau -
Macau / Country / Documents / Map
     
Macao | Encyclopedia.com: Dependencies - Universities: Education
      - Culture of Macau [Macau: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Macau
        - Macau Library & Information Management Association
          -
Macau Central Library
    - Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China
      Local public security station household section maintains a registry of all persons
      living within a local geographical area.  Births, deaths, marriages, and divorces
      are recorded and confirmed through random household checks of family registers.
    -
Public Records in China
      - China Civil Registration - Vital Records

      -
State Archives Administration of the People's Republic of China

    -
State Views and Local Views of Population
      Linking, comparing genealogical and household register data - Liaoning, 1749-1909.

    -
Taixue: Guozijian

  - East Timor: East Timor - Timor-Leste /
Country / Documents / Map
   
East Timor | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Timor-Leste: Introduction] - Topic Outline of East Timor
      -
East Timore: Table of Contents
        People,
culture, history and politics of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste.

      - Timor-Leste Library & Information Association
    - East Timor Government
    -
East Timor: Internet Resources

  - India: Preface - India -
India / Country / Documents / Map
   
India | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - British Library - India Office Select Materials
      - India Office Family History Search
    - Culture of
India [India: Introduction] - Topic Outline of India
      - American Institute of Indian Studies:
Member Institutions
      - Archives in India
      -
Center for the Advanced Study of India: Resources on India
      -
INDOLOGY: Wider Indological Network Resources
      - Libraries in India: Online Libraries in India
        -
Digital Library of India: Digital Library of India
        -
National Library of India: National library (Ministry Of Culture)
        -
National Policy on Public Libraries in India
        - Oriental Research Institute & Manuscripts Library
        -
Museums of India
    - FIBIwiki: Families in British India Society
    -
India.pdf
    - Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner - India: [Map Locations]
      -
India Civil Registration - Vital Records
      -
Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969
        Every registrar shall keep in the prescribed form a register
        of births and deaths for the registration area or any part
        thereof in relation to which he exercise jurisdiction.
    - Records and Research in India

  - Indonesia: Preface - Indonesia - Indonesia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Indonesia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Indonesia [Indonesia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Indonesia
      -
anri (National Archives) - arsip nasional republik indonesia
      - National Library of Indonesia
      -
SEAsite - Indonesia
    -
Indonesia - Dutch Records
      - Civil Registry of the Dutch-East Indies
    -
Indonesia: Internet Resources
    - Indonesian Civil Registration - Vital Records
    -
Useful Links on Indonesia

  - Japan: Preface
- Japan - Japan / Country / Documents / Map
   
Japan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Japan [Japan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Japan
      -
Cultural Quintessence | Experience Japanese Culture: Images
        -
Japan Cultural Profile (archived): Japanese Culture
      - Humanities Web Sites in Japan
      -
Japanese Society for Medical History: Links
      - Japanese Studies
        -
Asian Studies Programs and Centers: Japan
        -
EAJS: Nationwide Associations of Japanese Studies in Europe
        -
EAJS: Other Organisations in Japanese Studies
        - EAJS: Spezialized European Associations of Japanese Studies
        -
Japanese Studies
        - Japanese Studies Online Resources: Online Resources
        -
Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies: Research Guide - Resource Guide
      -
JLA: Associations & Societies of Library & Information Services
        -
Libraries Japan
          English version Japan based sites, maintained by research
          and academic libraries, as well as some library associations.
    - Japan Church Records
    - Japan Village Records
    -
Japan.pdf
    - 
Koseki: Koseki Family Registration System in Japanese Law
    - Stockton's Japan Links
    -
Web Japan
    - Yahoo!® Japan Search Engine

  - Korea: Korea /
Map
   
Korea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Korea]
      -
Electronic Resources
        Resources at Korean Heritage Library
.
      - Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
      -
Inje University’s Genealogy Library
        Traditional Korean culture and ethnic history.

      -
Korea Foundation
      -
Korea Research Hub
      -
Korean Genealogical Table

       
Pay respect to one's ancestor; express deference
        to the wider family; and to unite blood relations.
      - Korean Studies
        -
Asian Studies Programs and Centers: Korea
        -
Korean Studies
        -
Korean Studies Portal
        - Korean Studies Websites
        -
Online Resources - Korea Collection
        - Yuldo.net: Korean Studies
      - Naver Search Engine
    -
Korea.pdf
    - North Korea: North Korea -
North Korea / Country - Country / Documents / Map
     
North Korea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
North Korea [North Korea: Introduction] - Topic Outline of N Korea
    - South Korea: Preface - South Korea -
South Korea / Country / Documents / Map
     
South Korea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of
South Korea [South Korea: Introduction] - Topic Outline of S Korea
        -
Korean Library Association
      -
International Family Law: Korea’s New Family Registration Law
      -
UNHCR | Refworld | Korea: The Family Registration System
        (hoju): who has access to the system and whether or not
        individuals can access information on other families.
      - South Korean Civil Registration - Vital Records

  - Laos: Laos - Laos / Country /
Documents / Map
   
Laos | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Laos [Laos: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Laos
      - Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center
      -
Laos Bibliography
      -
Laos Cultural Profile (archived)
      - Laos | EIFL
      -
National Library of Laos: Branch Libraries
      - SEAsite Laos
    -
Laoconnection.com
    -
Laos: Internet Resources

  - Malaysia: Malaysia -
Malaysia / Country / Documents / Map
   
Malaysia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Malaysia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Malaysia
      -
Institute of Malaysian and International Studies (IKMAS) - Main
      -
Institute of Strategic & International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia
      - Institute of the Malay World and Civilisation
      -
Librarians Association of Malaysia (LAM)
      -
MyUniNet - Malaysian University Libraries & National Library Network
      - Official Portal of u-Pustaka - Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library)
    -
Malasia: Internet Resources
    -
Malaysian Links
      Economy - Education - Health - Libraries
- Newspapers
      Politics & Government - Research & Development
      Science & Technology - Universities & Colleges
    -
Sending Money Home - Maintaining Family and Community (pdf)
      Money migrants send home is more than double
      the official aid received by developing countries.

  - Maldives: Maldives - Maldives / Country / Documents / Map
   
Maldives | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Indian Ocean [Maldives: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Maldives
      - Maldives | EIFL
      - Maldives History - Maldives Culture

  - Mongolia: Mongolia - Mongolia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Mongolia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Mongolia [Mongolia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Mongolia
      - American Center for Mongolian Studies: Research Links
      -
Mongolia | EIFL

  - Myanmar (Burma): Myanmar (Burma) - Burma (Myanmar) /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Myanmar | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Burma: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Burma [Myanmar]
      - Art and Culture of Burma
      -
Burma Project
      -
Burma Studies
      - Center for Burma Studies
      - Myanmar (Burma) Language, Literature and Culture Learning Center
    - Golden Land - The Ultimate Guide to Myanmar
    -
Myanmar (Burma): Internet Resources

  - Nepal: Nepal -
Nepal / Country / Documents / Map
   
Nepal | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Nepal [Nepal: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Nepal
      -
Association for Nepal Himalayan Studies: Resources
      -
Nepal | EIFL
      -
Nepal Library Association

      - Himalayan Research Bulletin Links

  - Pakistan: Pakistan -
Pakistan / Country / Documents / Map
   
Pakistan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Pakistan [Pakistan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Pakistan
      - Allama Iqbal Urdu Cyber Library
      - National Fund For Cultural Heritage
      - Pak Web OPACs
      -
Pakistan Library Automation Group
      - Pakistan Studies
    -
National Database and Registration Authority
      - National Database and Registration Authority
    - Pakistan Online
    -
Pakistani Nationality Law: Citizenship Law (pdf)
    -
Records in Pakistan

  - Philippines: Preface - Philippines - Philippines /
Country / Documents / Map
   
The Philippines | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of The
Philippines [Philippines: Introduction] - Topic Outline - Philippines
      -
Center for Philippine Studies, U. of Hawaii at Manoa: Center for Philippine Studies
      - Filipinas Heritage Library -
Filipiniana - Imus Institute Library - Filipiniana.net
      -
LibraryLink: Directories - Filipino Librarian: Filipiniana Online - WikiPilipinas
      - PAARLWiki
        Project of the Philippine Association of Academic/Research Librarians.
      - Philippine eLib
      - Philippine Librarians Association Inc.
      - Studies in Philippine Culture & Society: A Bibliography:
Meta Search
      - Tagalog
        Language and Filipino culture resources.
    - FAQ on Civil Registration
    - Philippines Civil Registration - Vital Records
    -
Philippines: Gov.Ph
      Official government portal of the Republic of the Philippines
.
    -
Philippines: Internet Resources
    -
Philippines.pdf

  - Singapore: Singapore - Singapore /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Singapore | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Singapore [Singapore: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Singapore
      -
Library Association of Singapore: Resources
    - Immigration & Checkpoints Authority
      -
ICA - Overview
        Births and Deaths Unit is responsible for the registration of births and deaths
        occurring in Singapore and its territorial waters since 1872, as well as
        the processing of birth and death extract applications.
    -
Singapore: Internet Resources

  - Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Sri Lanka | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Sri Lanka [Sri Lanka: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Sri Lanka
      - American Institute for Sri Lankan Studies
      - Sri Lanka Library Association - SLLA:
External Web Sites
      - University Librarians Association (ULA) Sri Lanka
    - Government of Sri Lanka: Government Links
    -
Registrar General's Department

  - Taiwan: Taiwan -
Taiwan / Country - Country / Documents / Map
   
Taiwan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - China Civil Registration - Vital Records
    - Contracts and Other Old Documents
    - Culture of [Taiwan: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Taiwan
      -
Chinese Association of Museums: Taiwan Memory
      -
National Central Library
      -
Open Search
      - Ritual construction of the "community" and the arena
        Multiple identities of a Mazu pilgrimage in Taiwan.
    -
Taiwan Today: Links
    -
Taiwan.pdf

  - Thailand: Thailand - Thailand /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Thailand | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Thailand [Thailand: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Thailand
      -
Libraries and Information Centers
        - Thai Library Association
      - Soravij.com - Home of Siamere Collection: Royal House of Chakri (Chakri Dynasty)
      - Thai Citizenship
   
  - Thai Khadi Research Institute
      - Thai Studies
      -
Thailand | EIFL
      - Thailand Map
    - GreatThailand.com
    -
Thai Search Engines
    -
Thailand: Internet Resources

  - Tibet: Tibet -
Tibet (pdf) / Country / Documents  / Map
   
Tibet | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Tibet [Xizang (Tibet)] -
Topic Outline of Tibet
      - Amnye Machen Institute
      -
Tibet Album
        British photography in central Tibet 1920-1950
.
      - Tibet: Virtual Field Trip (Geology, Culture & Politics)
      - Tibetan Culture under Chinese Rule
      -
Tibetan Dunhuang Manuscripts
      - Tibetan Studies
      - Tibetan Studies Internet Resources

  - Vietnam: Vietnam -
Vietnam / Country / Documents / Map
   
Vietnam | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Vietnam [Vietnam: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Vietnam
      -
Institute of Vietnamese Studies
      - Việt Nam Cultural Profile (archived)
      - Vietnamese Language & Culture
    -
Vietnam: Internet Resources
    - Vietnam Online - De mooiste rondreis in Noord en Zuid Vietnam
      Informatie over landschappen, bergvolken, cultuur, religie en natuur.
↑ upΛ

CENTRAL ASIA: Central Asia & Caucasus
/ Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
  -
Asian American Net : Central Asia
  - Central Asian Studies
  - Central Eurasian Studies World Wide: Site Map
* COUNTRIES:
  - Afghanistan: Afghanistan - Afghanistan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Afghanistan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Afghanistan Online
    - Culture of
Afghanistan [Afghanistan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Afghanistan
      -
Afghanistan and Central Asia Research Information - ACARI
      -
Afghanistan Cultural Profile (archived)
      -
Afghanistan Digital Library
      -
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU)
      - Center for Afghanistan Studies: Links
        -
Afghanistan Collection
      -
Institute for Afghan Studies
  - Armenia: Armenia - Armenia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Armenia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Armenia Country Profile
    - Armenia Webliography
    - Armenian Civil Registration Records
    -
Armenia.pdf
    - Culture of Armenia [Armenia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Armenia
      - Armenia | EIFL:
Consortium
      - Armenian Library Association: Links
  - Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Azerbaijan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Azerbaijan Country Profile
    - Azerbaijan in WWW
    -
Azerbaijani Webliography
    - Culture of Azerbaijan [Azerbaijan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Azerbaijan
      - Azerbaijan | EIFL
      -
History in a Nutshell

        20th century personal naming
        practices in Azerbaijan.
        - What's Your Name?
      -
Libraries of Azerbaijan
        -
Akhundov National Library
      - Life Cycle: Birth and Death
      - Tracing Roots to Baku
      - Voices from the Ages: Baku's Institute of Manuscripts
    -
USACC.org | The United States-Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce
  - Georgia: Georgia - Georgia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Georgia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Georgia [Georgia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Georgia
      - About Georgia
      -
Georgia | EIFL
      -
National Parliamentary Library of Georgia: Links
    -
Georgia Country Profile
    -
Georgian Association: Related Links
    -
Georgian Webliography
  - Kazakhstan: Kazakhstan - Kazakhstan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Kazakhstan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Kazakstan [Kazakhstan: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Kazakhstan
      - Libraries: National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan
        -
Pushkin East Kazakhstan Regional Library
      - Traditional Institutions in Modern Kazakhstan
    -
Electronic Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
      - Adoption - Birth - Death - Identity - Marriage (Divorce)
        Includes paternity, residence and surname change.
    - Kazakh Webliography
    -
Kazakhstan Country Profile
  - Kyrgyzstan: Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic) /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Kyrgyzstan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Kyrgyzstan [Kyrgyzstan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Kyrgyzstan
      - Kyrgyzstan | EIFL
      - Kyrgyzstan Library Information Consortium Members
        - Electronic Library Resources of Kyrgyzstan
    -
Genealogical Construction of the Kyrgyz Republic (book) 
    - Kyrgyz Webliography
    -
Kyrgyzstan Country Profile
  - Tajikistan: Tajikistan - Tajikistan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Tajikistan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Tajikistan [Tajikistan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Tajikistan
      -
Tajikistan | EIFL
    - Tajik Webliography
    -
Tajikistan Country Profile
    -
Tajikistan Research Resources
  - Turkmenistan: Turkmenistan - Turkmenistan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Turkmenistan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Turkmenistan [Turkmenistan: Intro] -
Topic Outline of Turkmenistan
    - Turkmen Webliography
    -
Turkmenistan Country Profile
  - Uzbekistan: Uzbekistan - Uzbekistan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Uzbekistan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Uzbekistan [Uzbekistan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Uzbekistan
      -
National Library of Uzbekistan
      -
Uzbekistan | EIFL
      - Uzbekistan Library Association (
archived): Libraries of Uzbekistan (archived)
    - Uzbek Webliography
    -
Uzbekistan Country Profile
↑ upΛ

MIDDLE EAST - ASIA (excluding North Africa): Middle East / Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
  -
Asian American Net : Middle East
  -
Internet | Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies | Information Services
 
- Islamic Studies
  - Middle East & Islamic Studies: Middle East & Islamic Studies Collection
 
- Middle East & North Africa: LookLex: AL-BAB - Arab World: Arab World (archived)
  -
Middle East | Encyclopedia.com
  - Middle East Studies Association
  - Middle East Studies Virtual Library
  - Middle Eastern Studies
  - Near Eastern Studies Resources
 
- Persian Gulf Studies
* COUNTRIES:
  -
Bahrain: Bahrain - Bahrain / Country / Documents / Map
   
Bahrain | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Central Population Registry Directorate
(pdf)
    - Culture of Bahrain [Bahrain: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Bahrain
      -
Country and People of Bahrain
      - Persian Gulf Studies
  - Cyprus: Cyprus - Cyprus /
Country / Documents / Map
    
Cyprus | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Cyprus [Cyprus: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Cyprus
    -
Cyprus Country Profile
    -
CyprusNet.com
    - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cyprus

  - Iran:
Iran - Iran / Country / Documents / Map
   
Iran | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Iran [Iran: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Iran
      - Iran Chamber Society: Education in Iran
      -
Iranian Library and Information Science Association
      -
Iranian Studies
      - Persian Studies
    - Persian Webliography (Farsi)
  - Iraq: Iraq -
Iraq / Country / Documents / Map
   
Iraq | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Iraq [Iraq: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Iraq
      -
Country and People of Iraq

  - Israel: Israel -
Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza / Country / Documents / Map
    Israel (people) | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of Israel [Israel: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Israel
      - Association of Jewish Libraries: Resources
        - Israeli Association of Libraries and Information Centers
          -
Malmad - Catalog Network
      -
Jewish Studies
        - Association for Jewish Studies
          - Academic Jewish Studies Internet Directory
          - Association for Israel Studies:
Israel Studies Centers and Chairs
          - Jewish Studies
          -
Jewish Studies Research Guides
          -
Judaica and Hebraica Collections
      - National Center for Jewish Film - Related Links
    -
Gaza Strip: Documents
    -
Hebrews: Family and Society in Ancient Israel

    -
Life Cycle in Israel (with useful addresses) (pdf)
      Official procedures for such life cycle
      events as marriage, birth and burial.

    -
Page of Testimony: ShoahConnect.org
      Reunite families separated by the Shoah (Holocaust)
.
    -
West Bank (Judea & Samaria Area): Documents
  - Jordan:
Jordan - Jordan / Country / Documents / Map
   
Jordan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Jordan [Jordan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Jordan
      - Consortium of Public University Library Services
      - Country and People of Jordan

  - Kuwait:
Kuwait - Kuwait / Country / Documents / Map
   
Kuwait | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Persian Gulf States [Kuwait: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Kuwait
      -
Country and People of Kuwait

  - Lebanon:
Lebanon - Lebanon / Country / Documents / Map
   
Lebanon | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Lebanon [Lebanon: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Lebanon
      - Country and People of Lebanon
      - Lebanon Research Guide
  - Oman: Oman -
Oman / Country / Documents / Map
   
Oman | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Persian Gulf States [Oman: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Oman
      - Country and People of Oman:
Homage to Oman

  -
Palestine: Palestine - (Palestinian National Authority):
   
Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza / Occupied Palestinian Territory / Documents / Map
   
Palestine | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Palestine  [
Israel & Palestine: Gaza Strip - West Bank] - Topic Outline - PT
      - Country and People of Palestine
      - Palestine | EIFL
      -
Palestinian American Research Center: Links
  - Qatar: Qatar - Qatar / Country / Documents / Map
   
Qatar | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Persian Gulf States [Qatar: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Qatar
      -
Country and People of Qatar
      - Persian Gulf Studies
      - Qatar National Library: Preserving Our Heritage
  - Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia -
Saudi Arabia / Country / Documents / Map
   
Saudi Arabia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Saudi Arabia [Saudi Arabia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Saudi Arabia
      -
Country and People of Saudi Arabia
  - Syria:
Syria - Syria / Country / Documents / Map
   
Syria | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Syria [Syria: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Syria
      - Country and People of Syria
      -
Syria | EIFL
      - Syrian Studies Association: Links
  - Turkey: Turkey -
Turkey / Country / Documents / Map
   
Turkey (republic) | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Turkey [Turkey: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Turkey
      - Institute of Turkish Studies
      -
Turkey Focus
      -
Turkish Librarians' Association
      -
Turkish Studies Association

    -
Population Registers in Turkey
    -
Turkish Webliography
  -
United Arab Emirates: UAE - United Arab Emirates / Country / Documents / Map
   
United Arab Emirates | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Persian Gulf States [UAE: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the UAE
      - Country & People of UAE
        - Abu Dhabi Culture
  - Yemen: Yemen - Yemen /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Yemen | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Yemen: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Yemen
      - American Institute for Yemeni Studies
      -
Country and People of Yemen
      -
Index Yemenicus
      -
Yemen Links: Yemen Links Places
↑ upΛ


AUSTRALASIA and OCEANIA: Australasia / Australia & Oceania Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
  - Australia & Oceania
  - Europeans in Oceania
  -
Pacific Islands Association of Libraries, Archives and Museums

* COUNTRIES:
  - Australia:
Preface - Australia - Australia / Country / Documents / Map
    [PREFACE:
New South Wales - Queensland - South Australia
    Tasmania - Victoria - 
Western Australia
]
    Australia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Australia Civil Registration - Vital Records
    - Australia.pdf
    -
Australian Family History & Genealogy Selected Websites - Nat'l Library of Australia
    - Births, Deaths and Marriages Registries | australia.gov.au
    - Culture of [Australia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Australia
      - Australian Libraries Gateway: MapSearch
      -
Australian Library & Information Association
      -
Australian Organisations - Information for CAUL
      - Australian Studies
        -
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
        - Center for Australia and New Zealand Studies:
Useful Links
        - Center for Australian, New Zealand & Pacific Studies
        -
InASA | International Australian Studies Association
        -
King's College London - Menzies Centre for Australian Studies
        -
National Centre for Australian Studies
     
- Council of Australian University Librarians
      - National & State Libraries Australasia Consortium
    - Islands:
Dependent Territory
      - Christmas Island: Christmas Island -
Christmas Island / Documents / Map
       
Christmas Island | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
Shire of Christmas Island] - Topic Outline of Christmas Island
          -
Christmas Island: Links
      - Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Cocos (Keeling) Islands -
Cocos KI / Documents / Map
       
Cocos (Keeling) Islands | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
        - Culture of [Shire of Cocos (Keeling)] - Topic Outline -
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
      - Norfolk Island: Norfolk Island -
Norfolk Island / Documents / Map
       
Norfolk Island | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
Norfolk Island] - Topic Outline of Norfolk Island
    - NLA: Australian Family History and Genealogy
    -
Reading the Family Album (archived)
      Historical images of Australian childhood (1880-1940).

  -
New Zealand: Preface - New Zealand - New Zealand / Country / Documents / Map
    New Zealand | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of [New Zealand: Introduction] - Topic Outline of New Zealand
      -
DigitalNZ
      -
EPIC Consortium: Directory of Libraries
      -
LIANZA: Māori in Libraries and Information
      - Maori Studies - Māori Studies: Whakapapa Guide
      - New Zealand History:
New Zealand History
      -
New Zealand Studies
        - New Zealand Studies Association: Associates
      - Stout Research C
entre for New Zealand Studies

    -
Department of Internal Affairs: Births Deaths and Marriages
      -
Birth, Death and Marriage Historical Records
    - Islands: Dependent Territory
     
- Cook Islands: Cook Islands - Cook Islands / Cook Islands / Documents / Map
       
Cook Islands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        -
Culture of [Cook Islands] - Topic Outline of the Cook Islands
          -
Cook Islands Government Online
      - Niue: Niue -
Niue / Country / Documents / Map
      
  Niue | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
        - Culture of
[Niue] - Topic Outline of Niue
        -
Government of Niue

      - Tokelau: Tokelau - Tokelau / Country / Documents / Map
       
Tokelau | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
        - Culture of [
Tokelau] - Topic Outline of Tokelau
          - Tokelau
    - New Zealand Civil Registration - Vital Records
    - New Zealand.pdf
    -
Pipers NZ > NZ Links
    - Te Puna Web Directory - New Zealand & Pacific Island Web Sites:
Genealogy
↑ upΛ

PACIFIC ISLANDS: Pacific Ocean Islands
* COMPREHENSIVE:
Pacific Ocean
  -
Libraries of Asia Pacific
  - Pacific Collection: Internet Resources
  - Pacific Islanders | Encyclopedia.com
  -
Pacific Islands Political Geography | Encyclopedia.com
  - Pacific Studies: Pacific History - Universities: Education
  -
SamoaTahitiTongaFiji.pdf
* COUNTRIES and ISLAND AREAS:
  - American Samoa: Preface* - American Samoa
   
American Samoa / Territory / Documents / Map
   
American Samoa | Encyclopedia.com: U.S. Pacific Dep. - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
American Samoa] - Topic Outline of American Samoa
  - Easter Island: Easter Island -
Easter Island / Country / Documents / Map
   
Easter Island | Encyclopedia.com
  - Fiji: Preface* - Fiji - Fiji /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Fiji | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Fiji: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Fiji
      - Fiji Museum:
Pacific Links
    -
Fiji Church Records
    - Fiji Civil Registration - Vital Records

  - French Polynesia: French Polynesia -
French Polynesia / Territory / Documents / Map
   
French Polynesia | Encyclopedia.com: French Pacific Dep. - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Polynésie française
] - Topic Outline of French Polynesia
  - Guam: Guam -
Guam / Territory / Documents / Map
   
Guam | Encyclopedia.com: United States Pacific Dep. - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of [Island of Guam] - Topic Outline of Guam
      -
Guam Public Library System
  - Kiribati:
Kiribati - Kiribati / Country / Documents / Map
   
Kiribati | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Kiribati: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Kiribati
  - Marshall Islands: Marshall Islands -
Marshall Islands / Country / Documents / Map
    Marshall Islands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of [Marshall Islands: Introduction] - Topic Outline of the Marshall Islands
    -
Digital Micronesia - Marshall Islands - An Electronic Library and Archive
  - Micronesia Region:
Micronesia Region - Federated States of Micronesia
    Federated States of Micronesia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Micronesia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Federated States of [FS of Micronesia: Intro.] - Topic Outline of Micronesia
    - Digital Micronesia. An Electronic Library and Archive
  - Midway Atoll: Midway Atoll - Midway Atoll / Map
    Midway Islands | Encyclopedia.com: United States Pacific Dependencies
  - Nauru:
Nauru - Nauru / Country / Documents / Map
   
Nauru | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Nauru: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Nauru
  - New Caledonia:
New Caledonia - New Caledonia / Country / Documents / Map
   
New Caledonia | Encyclopedia.com: French Pacific Dep. - Universities: Education
  - Culture of [Nouvelle-Calédonie] - Topic Outline of New Caledonia
  - Northern Mariana Islands: N Mariana Islands -
NMI / Territory / Documents / Map
   
Northern Mariana Islands | Encyclopedia.com: U. S. P. Dep. - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of [Northern Mariana Islands] - Topic Outline of the Northern Mariana Islands
  - Palau:
Palau - Palau / Country / Documents / Map
   
Palau | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Palau: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Palau
  - Papua New Guinea: Papua N. Guinea -
Papau N. Guinea / Country / Documents / Map
   
Papua New Guinea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Papua New Guinea: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Papua New Guinea
      -
PapuaWeb: Informasi Papua, Indonesia (Irian Jaya, West Papua)
  - Pitcairn Islands: Pitcairn Islands -
Pitcairn Islands / Territory / Documents / Map
   
Pitcairn Island | Encyclopedia.com: Brit. W. Pacific Territories - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Pitcairn Islands (archived)] -
Topic Outline of the Pitcairn Islands
  - Samoa: Preface* - Samoa - Samoa /
Country: Samoa / Documents / Map
   
Samoa | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Samoa: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Samoa
      -
Centre for Samoan Studies
    -
Samoa Church Records
    - Samoa Vital Records - Civil Registration
  - Solomon Islands: Solomon Islands - Solomon Islands /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Solomon Islands | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Solomon Islands: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of the Solomon Islands
  - Tonga: Preface* - Tonga - Tonga /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Tonga | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Tonga: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Tonga
  - Tuvalu: Tuvalu - Tuvalu /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Tuvalu | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Tuvalu: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Tuvalu
    -
Tuvalu Islands: Tuvalu Links
  - United States Minor Outlying Islands
    -
United States Pacific Dependencies | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
  - Vanuatu: Vanuatu - Vanuatu /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Vanuatu | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Vanuatu: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Vanuatu
      -
Information on Vanuatu Islands: Links
  - Wallis & Futuna: Wallis & Futuna -
Wallis & Futuna / Country / Documents / Map
   
Wallis & Futuna Islands | Encyclopedia.com: French Pac Dep - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Wallis et Futuna] - Topic Outline of Wallis and Futuna
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AFRICA: Africa / Map
* COMPREHENSIVE:
Topic Outline of Africa
  - African Empires
  -
African Slave Trade & European Imperialism
  -
African Studies
    - A - Z of African Studies on the Internet
    - Africa - The British Library
    - African Studies: African-American Studies
    - African Studies Center - University of Pennsylvanai
    -
African Studies Center | Boston University
    -
Center for African Studies | University of Illinois
    - CIHE | International Network for Higher Education in Africa
    -
Country Overview – Exploring Africa
    - Internet Resources | African Studies | Information Services
  - Aluka
    Building a digital library of scholarly resources from and about Africa.

  - Anti-Colonialism & Reconstruction
  - Matrix | Center for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences
    -
African Online Digital Library
    -
Exploring Africa
    - Slave Biographies
  -
Post-Independence Africa & Contemporary Trends

↑ upΛ

* NORTHERN AREA -
AFRICA and the MIDDLE EAST:
  - Middle East & North Africa: Ethnic Groups in West Asia
  - Middle East & North Africa: LookLex
  - North Africa
  NORTHERN AREA COUNTRIES:
Northern Area Countries
  - Algeria: Algeria - Algeria /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Algeria | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Algeria [Algeria: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Algeria
      - African Studies Center - Algeria
      - Country and People of Algeria
  - Egypt: Egypt - Egypt /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Egypt | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Egypt [Egypt: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Egypt
      - African Studies Center - Egypt
      - Country and People of Egypt
      - Egypt | EIFL
      - Egyptian Knowledge Bank- EKB: Egyptian Knowledge Bank - YouTube™
      - Egyptian Libraries Network
        - Bibliotheca Alexandrina:
Bibliotheca Alexandrina - Site Map
        -
Egyptian National Library and Archives
      - Egyptians and Their Dead
  - Libya: Libya - Libya /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Libya | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Libya [Libya: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Libya
      - African Studies Center - Libya
      -
Country and People of Libya
    -
Libya: Our Home
  - Morocco: Morocco - Morocco /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Morocco (kingdom) | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Morocco: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Morocco
      - African Studies Center - Morocco
      -
Country and People of Morocco
  - Tunisia: Tunisia - Tunisia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Tunisia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Tunisia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Tunisia
      - African Studies Center - Tunisia
      -
Country and People of Tunisia
    -
Tunisia.com: Search Tunisia Online
  - Western Sahara: Western Sahara -
Western Sahara / Country / Documents / Map
   
Western Sahara | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Western Sahara] - Topic Outline of Western Sahara
      - African Studies Center - Western Sahara
    - Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic
    -
Western Sahara - sahara occidental: Links
↑ upΛ

* SOUTHERN AREA - AFRICA COUNTRIES: Southern Area Countries
 
Sub-Saharan Africa: Our Ancestors, the Arabs. .. - Cairn International
  - Angola: Angola - Angola /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Angola | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Angola [Angola: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Angola
      - African Studies Center - Angola
  - Benin: Benin - Benin /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Benin | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Benin: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Benin
      -
African Studies Center - Benin
  - Botswana: Botswana - Botswana /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Botswana | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Botswana: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Botswana
      - African Studies Center - Botswana
      - [
Bechuanaland Protectorate]: Bechuanaland
      - Botswana | EIFL
      - Botswana History:
Site Index
  - Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso - Burkina Faso /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Burkina Faso | Encyclopedia.com
- Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Burkina Faso: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Burkina Faso
      -
African Studies Center - Burkina Faso
  - Burundi: Burundi - Burundi /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Burundi | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Burundi: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Burundi
      - African Studies Center - Burundi
  - Cabo Verde: Cape Verde - Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) | Encyclopedia.com  - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Cape Verde: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Cape Verde
      - African Studies Center - Cape Verde
  - Cameroon: Cameroon - Cameroon /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Cameroon | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Cameroon: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Cameroon
      - African Studies Center - Cameroon
      -
Cameroon | EIFL
  - Central African Republic: Central African Republic - CAR /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Central African Republic | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [CA Republic: Introduction] -
Topic Outline - Central African Republic
      -
African Studies Center - Central African Republic
  - Chad: Chad - Chad /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Chad | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Chad [Chad: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Chad
      -
African Studies Center - Chad
  - Comoros: Comoros - Comoros /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Comoros, The | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Indian Ocean [Comoros: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Comoros
      - African Studies Center - Comoros
      -
Country and People of Comoros
    - Mayotte: Mayotte -
Mayotte / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Mayotte | Encyclopedia.com: French African Dependencies
      - Culture of [
Mayotte] - Topic Outline of Mayotte
  - Congo: Congo - Kingdom of Kongo:
Congo River Images
    - Democratic Republic of the Congo: DRC -
DRC / Country / Documents / Map
     
Democratic Republic Of The Congo | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Democratic Republic of the Congo: Introduction] - Topic Outline - DRC
        - African Studies Center - Democratic Republic of Congo
        -
Bienvenue sur le site de la Ville de Kinshasa
        - Zaire: Culture of Zaire (Former)
    - Republic of the Congo: Republic of the Congo -
RofC / Country / Documents / Map
     
Republic of the Congo | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
      - Culture of [Republic of the Congo: Introduction] - Topic Outline of - R. of the Congo
        -
African Studies Center - Congo
  - Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast): Cote d'Ivoire -
Cote d'Ivoire / Country / Documents / Map
   
Cote Divoire | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Cote d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast [Cd'I: Intro.] - Topic Outline/Côte d'Ivoire
      -
African Studies Center - Cote d'Ivoire
  - Djibouti: Djibouti - Djibouti /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Djibouti | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Djibouti: Introduction
] - Topic Outline of Djibouti
      - African Studies Center - Djibouti
      -
Country and People of Djibouti

  - Equatorial Guinea: Equatorial Guinea - E. Guinea /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Equatorial Guinea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Equatorial Guinea: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Equatorial Guinea
      - African Studies Center - Equatorial Guinea
  - Eritrea: Eritrea - Eritrea /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Eritrea | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Eritrea: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Eritrea
      - African Studies Center - Eritrea
  - Eswatini (Swaziland): Eswatini -
Eswatini / Country / Documents / Map
   
Eswatini (Swaziland) | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
Eswatini: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Eswatini
      - African Studies Center - Swaziland
      - Eswatini Library and Information Association
  - Ethiopia: Ethiopia - Ethiopia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Ethiopia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Ethiopia [Ethiopia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Ethiopia
      - African Studies Center - Ethiopia
      -
Ethiopia | EIFL
  - Gabon: Gabon - Gabon /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Gabon | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Gabon: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Gabon
      -
African Studies Center - Gabon
  - Gambia: Gambia - The Gambia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Gambia, The | Encyclopedia.com  - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [
The Gambia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of The Gambia
      -
African Studies Center - The Gambia
  - Ghana: Ghana - Ghana /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Ghana | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Ghana [Ghana: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Ghana
      - African Studies Center - Ghana
      -
Ghana | EIFL: CARLIGH
      -
Ghana Library Association Portal
    - Ghana HomePage
    -
Ghana.pdf
  - Guinea: Guinea - Guinea /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Guinea (republic) | Encyclopedia.com  - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Guinea: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Guinea
      -
African Studies Center - Guinea
  - Guinea-Bissau: Guinea-Bissau - Guinea-Bissau /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Guinea-Bissau | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Guinea-Bissau: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Guinea-Bissau
      -
African Studies Center - Guinea-Bissau
  - Kenya: Kenya - Kenya /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Kenya | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Kenya: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Kenya
      - African Studies Center - Kenya
      -
Kenya | EIFL
      - Kenya Library Association
  - Lesotho: Lesotho - Lesotho /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Lesotho | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Lesotho: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Lesotho
      - African Studies Center - Lesotho
      -
Lesotho | EIFL
  - Liberia: Liberia - Liberia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Liberia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Liberia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Liberia
      -
African Studies Center - Liberia
      - Liberian Studies Association: Links
    -
Research Liberia
  - Madagascar: Madagascar - Madagascar /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Madagascar | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - 123madagascar
    - Culture of
Indian Ocean [Madagascar: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Madagascar
      - African Studies Center - Madagascar
      - Madagascar: Education, History, & Culture
      - Madagascar Library
  - Malawi: Malawi - Malawi /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Malawi | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Malawi: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Malawi
      - African Studies Center - Malawi
      -
Malawi | EIFL
      -
Malawi Library and Information Consortium
  - Mali: Mali - Mali /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Mali | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Mali: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Mali
      - African Studies Center - Mali
      - African Timelines Part II: African Empires
      - Ancient Manuscripts from t
he Desert Libraries of Timbuktu
      - Mali | EIFL: Combi
      -
Timbuktu Educational Foundation
        - Libraries of Timbuktu & Surroundings
  - Mauritania: Mauritania - Mauritania /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Mauritania | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Mauritania [Mauritania: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Mauritania
      - African Studies Center - Mauritania
      -
Country and People of Mauritania
  - Mauritius: Mauritius - Mauritius /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Mauritius | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Indian Ocea [Mauritius: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Mauritius
      - African Studies Center - Mauritius
      -
Republic of Mauritius
    - Independent:
B. I. O. T., Chagos Islands - British Indian Ocean Territory / Map
  - Mozambique: Mozambique - Mozambique /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Mozambique | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Mozambique: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Mozambique
      - African Studies Center - Mozambique
      -
Mozambique | EIFL
  - Namibia: Namibia - Namibia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Namibia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Namibia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Namibia
      -
African Studies Center - Namibia
  - Niger: Niger - Niger /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Niger | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Niger: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Niger
      -
African Studies Center - Niger
  - Nigeria: Nigeria - Nigeria /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Nigeria | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Nigeria [Nigeria: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Nigeria
      - African Studies Center - Nigeria
      -
National Library of Nigeria
      -
National Virtual Library
      - Nigeria | EIFL
      -
Nigerian Library Association
    -
National Population Commission of Nigeria
      -
Census Department and Vital Registration
  - Reunion: Reunion - Reunion Island / Territory / Documents / Map
   
Reunion | Encyclopedia.com: French African Dependencies - Universities: Education
    -
Culture of [La Réunion] - Topic Outline of Reunion
      -
African Studies Center - Reunion
  - Rwanda:
Rwanda - Rwanda / Country / Documents / Map
   
Rwanda | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Rwanda: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Rwanda
       - African Studies Center -  Rwanda
  - Sao Tome & Principe:
Sao Tome & Principe - ST&P / Country / Documents / Map
   
Sao Tome | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [ST & P: Introduction] - Topic Outline of São Tomé & Príncipe
      -
African Studies Center - Sao Tome & Principe
  - Senegal: Senegal -
Senegal / Country / Documents / Map
   
Senegal | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Senegal: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Senegal
      - African Studies Center - Senegal
      -
Senegal | EIFL

  - Seychelles:
Seychelles - Seychelles / Country / Documents / Map
   
Seychelles | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Indian Ocean [Seychelles: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Seychelles
      - African Studies Center - Seychelles
  - Sierra Leone:
Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone / Country / Documents / Map
   
Sierra Leone | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Sierra Leone: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Sierra Leone
      - African Studies Center - Sierra Leone
    - Sierra Leone Web: Comprehensive Links
  - Somalia:
Somalia - Somalia / Country / Documents / Map
   
Somalia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of Somalia [Somalia: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Somalia
      - African Studies Center - Somalia
      - Country & People of Somalia
        - Somaliland: Somaliland - Topic Outline of Somaliland
  -
South Africa:  Preface - South Africa - South Africa / Country / Documents / Map
    
South Africa | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
South Africa [South Africa: Introduction] - Topic Outline of South Africa
      - African Studies Center - South Africa
      -
Department of Home Affairs: DHA
      -
LIASA (Libraries)
      -
South Africa | EIFL - SANLiC: Members
    -
South Africa.pdf
    - Southern Africa SIG - General Sources of Information: Useful Links
  - South Sudan: South Sudan - South Sudan
/ Country / Documents / Government Map
   
South Sudan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
South Sudan [South Sudan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of South Sudan
      -
Conserving Sudanese cultural heritage | British Council
    -
Government of the Republic of South Sudan
  - Sudan: Sudan - Sudan /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Sudan | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Sudan [Sudan: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Sudan
      - African Studies Center - Sudan
      -
Conserving Sudanese cultural heritage | British Council
      - Country and People of Sudan
      - Resources for Sudanese Studies in Durham
      - Sudan | EIFL
  - Tanzania: Tanzania - Tanzania /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Tanzania | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Tanzania: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Tanzania
      - African Studies Center - Tanzania
      -
Tanzania | EIFL
      - Tanzania Library Association
    - Tanzania Development Gateway
    - Tanzania Online
  - Togo: Togo - Togo /
Country / Documents  / Map
   
Togo | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Togo: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Togo
      -
African Studies Center - Togo
  - Uganda: Uganda - Uganda /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Uganda | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of
Uganda [Uganda: Introduction] - Topic Outline of Uganda
      - African Studies Center - Uganda
      -
Uganda | EIFL
  - Zambia: Zambia - Zambia /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Zambia | Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Zambia: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Zambia
      - African Studies Center - Zambia
      -
Zambia | EIFL
  - Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe - Zimbabwe /
Country / Documents / Map
   
Zimbabwe| Encyclopedia.com - Universities: Education
    - Culture of [Zimbabwe: Introduction] -
Topic Outline of Zimbabwe
      - African Studies Center - Zimbabwe
      -
Zimbabwe | EIFL
↑ upΛ


ANTARCTICA: ATLANTIC to ARCTIC OCEAN ISLANDS: Antarctica
* All Regions Polar
  - POLENET: The Polar Earth Observing Network
    Investigating the polar regions from the inside out.
  - Scott Polar Research Institute: Links
    - Directory of Polar Libraries & Archives
  - South-Pole.com: Site Map
    Arctic and Antarctic History on the Net.
* Antarctica: Antarctica - Antarctica /
Documents / Map
 
Antarctica | Encyclopedia.com
  - Culture of [Antarctica]
    -
Antarctic & Southern Ocean Studies
    - Antarctic Studies Guides
  -
Territorial Claims in Antarctica: Territorial Claims in Antarctica
    - Antarctic Treaty System
    - Antarctica New Zealand
    -
Australian Antarctic Division
    - British Antarctic Territory [
British Antarctic Territory]
    - French Southern and Antarctic Territories
      - Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises
    - INACH: Antarctic Chilean Institute

    -
Instituto Antártico Argentino

    -
Norwegian Polar Institute
* Arctic Ocean: Arctic -
Arctic and Northern Waters / Documents / Map
  Arctic Ocean | Encyclopedia.com
  - Culture of the [Arctic Ocean: Arctic Council]
    - Northern Studies Collection | Hokkaido University Library
      Materials relating to the northern regions, including
      Hokkaido, Sakhalin, the Kurile Islands, the Aleutian
      Islands, Alaska, Siberia and the Arctic Circle.

  - Islands of the Arctic Ocean:
    - Jan Mayen: Jan Mayen -
Jan Mayen Island / Documents / Map
     
Jan Mayen | Encyclopedia.com: Jan Mayen Research (pdf)
      - Culture of [
Jan Mayen] - Topic Outline of Jan Mayen
    -
Svalbard: Svalbard - Svalbard / Documents / Maps - Governor of Svalbard
     
Svalbard | Encyclopedia.com
      - Culture of [
Svalbard] - Topic Outline of Svalbard
* Atlantic Ocean and Islands: Atlantic Ocean and Islands
 
Atlantic Ocean | Encyclopedia.com
  - Culture of the [
Atlantic Ocean]
  - Islands of the Atlantic Ocean
    - Azores: Azores - Azores / Territory / Documents / Map
     
Azores | Encyclopedia.com