Ancient To Modern Genealogy and Family History
Ancient origins of genealogy and family history records, as traced
down to modern times, from all available concurrent documented
findings, in both religious scriptures and related secular records.
Book of Remembrance Kept by Adam & Eve & Their Descendants
Our Bible (s) are indeed a purely human invention; that is, it was
initiated by Ahman, a God who once was a man as we are now.
Yes, the Bible is indeed of purely human, yet godly invention;
given, beginning with the first earthly man Adam, from God
by revelation.  Then, it was kept by his posterity, the long
living ancient fathers, to their human children;
from which all mankind today descends,
through Noah, a global flood survivor.


  Family Genealogy & History Internet Education Directory™ - Wiki

SEARCH This Site
  Ancient To Contemporary Sources: Anthropology - Archaeology
  Bible & Biblical Resources: I Have A Question? (Evaluation - Research Notes)
  European: Classical & Early Empires -  Heraldry, Coats of Arms & Medals

  Medieval & Renaissance: Medieval Section - Renaissance Section - Royalty: Nobility
Medieval Genealogy Is The Only Way To Connect The Written Past With The Written Present

Archaeology, Anthropology, & Ancient Civilizations
* Ancestor Roots Information: Ancient and Modern Genealogies
Anthropology: Portal:Anthropology
  Genealogy is a core concept of study,
  used within the discipline of anthropology.
American Anthropological Association (AAA)
Anthropology Links - University of Minnesota Duluth
    - Anthropology Resources on the Internet
Internet Resources LOC: Anthropology
    - Section List & Links to Websites

Anthropology & Sociology

Cultural Anthropology Resources
  - Ethnography
    - MIT OpenCourseWare - Ethnography: Syllabus and Assignments
Kinship: Clan and Tribe
Calculating Kinship
Analyzing and understanding cultural codes.
    - Kinship and Social Organization
      Interactive tutorial.
Kinship Degree Systems
Kinship Glossary: Symbols, Terms & Concepts
    - Systematic Kinship Terminologies
    - Wat is genealogie? [Google™ Translate]
Genealogies as a Resource for Studying Kin Networks in Time & Space (pdf)
  - Links to Other Net Resources of Interest to Anthropologists of Europe
Archaeology: Portal:Archaeology - Topic Outline of Archaeology
Antiquity Journal
    Journal of world archaeological research.
  - Archaeological Research Resources
Archaeological Sub Disciplines
  - Archaeology
Archaeology: Resources For Research
- Archaeology - VoS
  - ArchNet
Internet Resources | Archaeology | Information Services
Society for Historical Archaeology
  - Society for Post Medieval Archaeology - SPMA
* History and Social Studies
Mapping History
  Interactive and animated representations of fundamental historical problems.
* PBS - Empires Series
  Greeks: Crucible of Civilization; Napoleon; Islam: Empire of Faith;
  Queen Victoria's Empire; Roman Empire: First Century AD; Egypt; Kingdom of David.

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BIBLE and BIBLICAL RESOURCES: Bible - Portal:Bible
Families are forever, as verified by the words of the Messiah Jesus Christ:
"Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, suffered you to put away
your wives; but from the beginning it was not so."
Matthew 19:9 
Biblical EVE, the wife of Adam, is the Mother of All Living.  She is a daughter of God.
She is the
Mother and only progenitor of all human genealogy pedigree databases.
Family, genealogy, LDS Temple ordinances work, or local history research specialists
should study and acquire the mindset of a "generational historian".  They must
"thirst for historical knowledge in all its cultural, economic, legal, religious,
and social contexts.  With or without history degrees, they approach research
with a commitment to standards and excellence learned in their professional
careers.  They value the difference between gathering names and reconstructing
lives.  They seek out specialized institutes, conferences, learning tapes, online
courses, and distance-learning opportunities to hone research skills.  Before
visiting a repository they identify its holdings and study its catalogs.  Their
research is exhaustive; they document carefully, evaluate evidence critically,
and rely only on the best sources possible.  Their measure of success is not
the number of family members found, but the extent to which they correctly
portray each human life they study.
Genealogy in the "Information Age": History's New Frontier?
* Bible (App Store on iTunes)
* Bible Society:
United Bible Societies (United Bible Societies)
* and Bible Research
  Internet resources and searchable online
  Bible in over 100 versions and 50 languages.
Biblical Archaeology Society
* Codex Sinaiticus
  Manuscript of the Christian Bible written in the middle of the
  fourth century, that contains the earliest complete copy of the
  Christian New Testament.  The hand-written text is in Greek.
  The New Testament appears in the original vernacular language
  (koine) and the Old Testament in the version, known as the Septuagint.

Complete Bible Genealogy
  Jesus family tree - Kings of Judah and Israel.
- Book [Stick] of Judah
Davidic Line
and Davidic Dynasty - Family Trees and Charts
Can We Prove Descent From King David?
Davidic Dynasty (archived)
Digital Dead Sea Scrolls
  - LDS Perspectives on the Dead Sea Scrolls
    - Contribution of the Dead Sea Scrolls to Biblical Understanding
* Early Christian Writings
  New Testament, apocrypha, gnostics and Catholic church fathers.
* Early Jewish Writings
  Tanakh, Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, etc.
* iTanakh
  Resources for academic study.
* List of Biblical Names
* Museum of the Bible:
Museum of the Bible - YouTube™
Navigating the BIBLE ® II

  People, places, plants and animals occurring in the Bible.
Online Bible Study Tools
  Search gateway to resources.

* Origins & Design: Access Research Network

World Population Since Creation
Resource Pages for Biblical Studies
Scriptures (LDS - Mormon)
  Analyzed Evidence: Mention of wars in the Book of Mormon is absolute proof
  the compiled record is an inspired historical document.  All military leaders
  who have written histories, mention
wars.  Joseph Smith, Jr., did not have
  any personal knowledge or experience of warfare; yet, "Wars and the politics
  of war were an integral part of history in the Book of Mormon"  In the A. D. 1832
  handwriting of Frederick G. Williams, it is recorded, concerning
Joseph Smith, Jr.:
  "Suffice it to Say I was mearly instructed in reading {and} writing and the ground
  [rules] of Arithmatic which constuted my whole literary acquirements."   Apostle
  Orson Pratt mentioned in 1840, that: "He could read without much difficulty, and
  write a very imperfect hand; and had a very limited understanding of the ground
  rules of arithmetic.  These were his highest and only attainments; while the rest
  of those branches, so universally taught in the common schools, throughout the
  United States, were entirely unknown to him."  Joseph Smith, Jr. had minimal
  qualifications, similar to those listed for admission as a cadet to West Point, the
  United States military academy, (published in A.D. 1864), which then required,
  "a rigid medical examination of his physical qualifications, and also as to his
  proficiency in reading, writing, the four ground-rules of arithmetic, reduction,
  and vulgar and decimal fractions."  Joseph Smith, Jr. also did not have the
  opportunity to study Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico.  He did not have
  access to the writings of the strategos
Thucydides, father of "scientific history",
  whose texts are currently studied worldwide at advanced military colleges;
  nor, did he have access to the Histories of Herodotus, the "Father of History".
  "This is the showing-forth of the inquiry of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, so
  that neither what has come to be from man in time might become faded,
  nor that great and wondrous deeds, those shown forth by Greeks and those
  by barbarians, might be without their glory; and together with all this,
  also through what cause they warred with each other."  In like manner,
  the Book of Mormon is a quality case study of General Mormon's
  kinship patterns, preserved within a reverent military cadence
  of internally consistent spiritual themes, critically reliable
  in documenting its primary sources.

Bible Chronology
    The Hebrew Bible, the Septuagint or Greek translation,
    and the Samaritan Pentateuch do not agree together,
    so that many dates cannot be fixed with certainty.
    From the time of David onwards we get much assistance
    from secular history, such as inscriptions on monuments
    and other state records.  However, the Biblical records,
    as reviewed by the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., clearly
    delineate the historical data sets for the early prophets.
    President Joseph Smith, Jr. noted: "I was engaged in
    the school of the elders, and in preparing the lectures
    on theology [
Faith] for publication in the Book of Doctrine
    and Covenants, which the committee appointed last September
    were now compiling."  The deletion of the Lectures on Faith,
    from the current D&C, is in direct contradiction to the purpose,
    efforts and labors of President and Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr.

  - Book of Abraham Project

How Did the Book of Jasher Know?
    The question arises of how the author of Jasher could have known
    specific facts from before the Great Flood, such as Cainan becoming
    very wise when he was forty years old.  These correlations attest that
    it was composed from exceedingly ancient reliable sources.
  - Index of Place Names - Bible Maps Index

Origin of Man
    “God created man in his own image” (
Genesis 1: 27).

* Smith's Bible Dictionary on
* Society of Biblical Literature
* Visual Commentary on Scripture | VCS
  Freely accessible online publication that provides theological commentary
  on the Bible in dialogue with works of art. It helps its users to (re) discover
  the Bible in new ways through the illuminating interaction of artworks,
  scriptural texts, and commissioned commentaries.
Wesley Center Online: Flavius Josephus
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I've heard that some people have extended their ancestral lines back to Adam.
Is this possible? . . .
Ensign Feb 84 and Liahona Aug 84  "Robert C. Gunderson,
Senior Royalty Research Specialist, Church Genealogical Department.  The simplest
answer to both questions is No.  Let me explain.  In thirty-five years of genealogical
research, I have yet to see a pedigree back to Adam that can be

"Descent from antiquity (commonly abbreviated as DFA) is the project of
establishing a well-researched, generation-by-generation descent of living persons
from people living in antiquity.  It is an ultimate challenge in prosopography
and genealogy."  The intent of a Biblical DFA "is to establish an ancestry which
is historically accurate and verifiable" within given ancient contexts of
and secondary record sources, as handed down for the benefit of our modern
Writing Systems began with "Adam, for it was given unto as many
as called upon God to write by the spirit of inspiration;  And by them their children
were taught to read and write, having a language which was pure and undefiled."

Jesus said in
3 Nephi 27: 26  that "all things are written by the Father; therefore
out of the books which shall be written shall  the world be judged."  Jesus declared
Matthew 10: 29-31 and Luke 12: 6-7 that sparrows and "the very hairs of your head
are all numbered".  In
Moses 1: 8, Moses looked, and beheld the world upon which
he was created; and Moses beheld the world and the ends thereof, and all the
children of men which are, and which were created; of the same he greatly
marveled and wondered.  Records in Heaven appear therefore as all inclusive,
showing the kindness and love of a caring God, who keeps the individual identity
of every one of His spirit children born to this earth.  Electrophotography, or
Xerography, uses visible light to obtain a reproduction of original documents.
Variations in the sun's output of points of light upon the earth, changed by
solar flares, may be producing intelligent charge patterns, that generate photo
conduction throughout space, subsequently transferred to the books written
in heaven,
from which the world shall be judged. 
Moses 1: 27-29 shows that
Moses cast his eyes and beheld the earth, yea, even all of it; and there was
not a particle of it which he did not behold, discerning it by the spirit of God.

The work of the
Restoration from before the foundation of this world, includes
full recovery of primary source document records from Adam until time ends.
D&C 128: 6-8  And further, I want you to remember that John the Revelator
was contemplating this very subject in relation to the dead, when he declared,
as you will find recorded in
Revelation 20: 12---And I saw the dead, small and
great, stand before God; and the books were opened; and another book was
opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged out of those things
which were written in the books, according to their works. 
Joseph Smith, Jr.
continues: You will discover in this quotation that the books were opened; and
another book was opened, which was the book of life; but the dead were judged
out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works;
consequently, the books spoken of must be the books which contained the
record of their works, and refer to the records which are kept on the earth.
. . . Or, in other words, taking a different view of the translation, whatsoever
you record on earth shall be recorded in heaven, and whatsoever you do not
record on earth shall not be recorded in heaven; for out of the books shall
your dead be judged, according to their own works, whether they themselves
have attended to the ordinances in their own propria persona, or by the means
of their own agents, according to the ordinance which God has prepared for their
salvation from before the foundation of the world, according to the records which
they have kept concerning their dead.

Revelation 20: 13-15  And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death
and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged
every man according to their works.  And death and hell were cast into
the lake of fire.  This is the second death.  And whosoever was not found
written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.  From a genealogical
research standpoint, the Book of Life eventually will include all individuals
born on the earth, except the sons of perdition.

D&C 76  and other related Scriptures describe three degrees of glory,
with priesthood ordinances that will be recorded in the Book of Life:
[1] a church of the Firstborn patriarchal celestial (sun radiating)  family
kingdom, {
three additional subdivisions}, whose glorified residents
ultimately live on this celestial Earth;
[2] a Church of Jesus Christ terrestrial (moon reflecting) world, who receive
of the presence of the Son through the ministration of celestial Melchizedek

priesthood ordinances, but not of the fulness of the Father; also,
[3] the multitude of heirs of salvation in the glory of the telestial (individual stars)
world, who receive of the Holy Spirit through the Aaronic priesthood administering
of angels, directed from the terrestrial Kingdom.

CONCLUDING EVALUATION: “I Have My Family Tree Back to Adam & Eve”
A dispassionate study of the internal evidence of the Biblical record reveals:
By age comparison, (due to the extended overlapping life spans), information
recorded as covering about two thousand years, can be compared today, (by
professional genealogical standards), within the memory framework that young
children could obtain/retain from oral or written tradition, (concerning the
significant exploits of great-grandparents).
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Jan 1835 President Joseph Smith, Jr.: "I was engaged in the school of the elders,
and in preparing the lectures on theology [
Faith] for publication in the Book of
Doctrine and Covenants, which the committee appointed last September were
now compiling."  From the Second Lecture:

Neither can there be a doubt existing on the mind of any person, that Adam was
the first who did communicate the knowledge of the existence of a God to his posterity;
and that the whole faith of the world, from that time down to the present, is in a certain
degree dependent on the knowledge first communicated to them by their common
progenitor.  And it has been handed down to the day and generation in which we live,
as we shall show from the face of the sacred records.

First, Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born (Gen. 5:3). And the days of Adam,
after he had begotten Seth, were 800 years, making him 930 years old when he died
(Gen. 5:4-5). Seth was 105 when Enos was born (Gen. 5:6). Enos was 90 when Cainan
was born (Gen. 5:9).  Cainan was 70 when Mahalaleel was born (Gen. 5:12). Mahalaleel
was 65 when Jared was born (Gen. 5:15).  Jared was 162 when Enoch was born
(Gen. 5:18).  Enoch was 65 when Methuselah was born (Gen. 5:21). Methuselah was 187
when Lamech was born (Gen. 5:25).  Lamech was 182 when Noah was born (Gen. 5:28).

From this account it appears that Lamech, the 9th from Adam, and the father of Noah,
was 56 years old when Adam died; Methuselah, 243; Enoch, 308; Jared, 470;
Mahalaleel, 535; Cainan, 605; Enos, 695; and Seth, 800.  So that Lamech (the father
of Noah), Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalaleel, Cainan, Enos, Seth, and Adam,
were all living at the same time, and beyond all controversy were all preachers of

Moses further informs us that Seth lived after he begat Enos 807 years, making him
912 years old at his death (Gen. 5:7-8).  And Enos lived after he begat Cainan 815
years, making him 905 years old when he died (Gen. 5:10-11).  And Cainan lived
after he begat Mahalaleel 840 years, making him 910 years old at his death
(Gen. 5:13-14).  And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared 830 years, making
him 895 years old when he died (Gen. 5: 16-17).  And Jared lived after
he begat Enoch 800 years, making him 962 years old at his death (Gen. 5:19-20).
And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah 300 years, making him
365 years old [D&C 107: 49 and he walked with God three hundred and sixty-five
years, making him four hundred and thirty years old] when he was translated
(King James Version Gen. 5:22-23).  NOTE: According to the Pearl of Great Price
(Moses 7:68  And all of the days of ZION, in the days of Enoch, were three hundred
and sixty-five years.)

And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech 782 years, making him 969 years old
when he died (Gen. 5:26-27).  Lamech lived after he begat Noah 595 years, making
him 777 years old when he died (Gen. 5:30-31).

Agreeable to this account, Adam died in the 930th year of the world; Enoch
was translated in the 987th; Seth died in the 1042nd; Enos in the 1140th;
Cainan in the 1235th; Mahalaleel in the 1290th; Jared in the 1422nd;
Lamech in the 1651st; and Methuselah in the 1656th - it being the same
in which the flood came.

So Noah was 84 years old when Enos died, 176 when Cainan died, 234 when
Mahalaleel died, 366 when Jared died, 595 when Lamech died, and 600 when
Methuselah died.  We can see from this that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared,
Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah all lived on the earth at the same time; and
that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah and Lamech, were all
acquainted with both Adam and Noah.

From the foregoing it is easily to be seen, not only how the knowledge of God
came into the world, but upon what principle it was preserved; that from the
time it was first communicated, it was retained in the minds of righteous men,
who taught not only their own posterity, but the world; so that there was no
need of a new revelation to man after Adam's creation to Noah, to give them
the first idea or notion of the existence of a God; and not only of a God, but
of the true and living God.

Having traced the chronology of the world from Adam to Noah, we will now
trace it from Noah to Abraham.

Noah was 502 years old when Shem was born - 98 years afterward the flood came,
being the 600th year of Noah's age.  [Research Note:  This appears to be backdated
from the 600th year when the Flood occurred. 
According to the Pearl of Great Price,
Arphaxad, was born in 2352 B.C. and died 1914 B.C.  Noah was six hundred years
old {2344 B.C.} when the flood of waters was upon the earth.  Thus, Arphaxad was
carried aboard the Ark of Noah, by his father Shem, as a young child eight years old.

Noah was 492 years old when Shem was born - 108 years later, the flood came;
being the 600th year of Noah's age.]  And Moses informs us that Noah lived after
the flood 350 years; making him 950 years old when he died (Gen. 9:28-29).
Shem was 100 years old when Arphaxad was born (Gen. 11:10).  Arphaxad was
35 when Salah was born (Gen. 11:12). Salah was 30 when Eber was born (Gen. 11:14).
Eber was 34 when Peleg was born, in whose days the earth was divided (Gen. 11:16).

Peleg was 30 when Reu was born (Gen. 11:18).  Reu was 32 when Serug was born
(Gen. 11:20).  Serug was 30 when Nahor was born (Gen. 11:22).  Nahor was 29
when Terah was born (Gen. 11:24).  Terah was 70 when Haran and Abraham were
born (Gen. 11:26).

There is some difficulty in the account given by Moses, of Abraham's birth.  Some
have supposed that Abraham was not born until Terah was 130 years old.  This
conclusion is drawn from a variety of scriptures, which are not to our purpose at
present to quote.  Neither is it a matter of any consequence to us, whether Abraham
was born when Terah was 70 years old, or 130.  [See also, previous information on
the life span age difference between D&C: Enoch 430 years, less King James Version
365 years (actually ZION dated period) = 65 year difference, at time of recorded death.]

But in order that there may no doubt exist upon any mind, in relation to the object
lying immediately before us in presenting the present chronology, we will date the
birth of Abraham at the latest period - that is, when Terah was 130 years old.

It appears from this account, that from the flood to the birth of Abraham was
352 years.  Moses informs us that Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad 500 [years]
(Gen 11:11).  This added to 100 years, which was his age when Arphaxad was
born, makes him 600 years old when he died.  Arphaxad lived after he begat
Salah 403 years (Gen. 11:13).  This added to 35 years, which was his age when Salah
was born, makes him 438 years old when he died.

Salah lived after he begat Eber 403 years (Gen. 11:15).  This added to 30 years,
which was his age when Eber was born, makes him 433 years old when he died.
Eber lived after he begat Peleg 430 years (Gen. 11:17).  This added to 34 years,
which was his age when Peleg was born, makes him 464 years old.

Peleg lived after he begat Reu 209 years (Gen. 11:19).  This added to 30 years,
which was his age when Reu was born, makes him 239 years old when he died.
Reu lived after he begat Serug 207 years (Gen. 11:21).  This added to 32 years,
which was his age when Serug was born, makes him 239 years old when he died.

Serug lived after he begat Nahor 200 years (Gen. 11:23).  This added to 30 years,
which was his age when Nahor was born, makes him 230 years old when he died.
Nahor lived after he begat Terah 119 years (Gen. 11:25).  This added to 29 years,
which was his age when Terah was born, makes him 148 years old when he died.
Terah was 130 years old when Abraham was born, and is supposed to have lived
75 years after his birth, making him 205 years old when he died.

Agreeable to this last account, Peleg died in the 1996th year of the world, Nahor
in the 1997th, and Noah in the 2006th.  So that Peleg, in whose days the earth
was divided, and Nahor, the grandfather of Abraham, both died before Noah
- the former being 239 years old, and the latter [at age] 148.  And who cannot
but see that they must have had a long and intimate acquaintance with Noah?

Reu died in the 2026th year of the world, Serug in [the] 2049th, Terah in the 2083rd,
Arphaxad in the 2096th, Salah in the 2126th, Shem in the 2158th, Abraham in the
2183rd, and Eber in the 2187th, which was four years after Abraham's death.
And Eber was the fourth from Noah.

Nahor, (Abraham's brother) was 58 years old when Noah died, Terah 128, Serug 187,
Reu 219, Eber 283, Salah 313, Arphaxad 344, and Shem 448.  It appears from this
account that Nahor (brother of Abraham), Terah, Nahor, Serug, Reu, Peleg, Eber,
Salah, Arphaxad, Shem, and Noah, all lived on the earth at the same time.

And that Abraham was 18 years old when Reu died, 41 when Serug and his brother
Nahor died, 75 when Terah died, 88 when Arphaxad died, 118 when Salah died, 150
when Shem died; and that Eber lived four years after Abraham's death . . . that Shem,
Arphaxad, Salah, Eber, Reu, Serug, Terah, and Nahor (the brother of Abraham), and
Abraham lived at the same time.  And that Nahor (brother of Abraham), Terah, Serug,
Reu, Eber, Salah, Arphaxad, and Shem, were all acquainted with both Noah
and Abraham.

We have now traced the chronology of the world, agreeable to the account
given in our present [King James Version] Bible, from Adam to Abraham,
and have clearly determined beyond the power of controversy, that there
was no difficulty in preserving the knowledge of God in the world from the
creation of Adam, and the manifestation made to his immediate descendants,
as set forth in the former part of this lecture; so that . . . the knowledge of
the existence of a God must have continued from father to son, as a matter
of tradition, at least.  For we cannot suppose that a knowledge of this
important fact could have existed in the mind of any of the before mentioned
individuals, without their having made it known to their posterity.
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1st Millennium BC - 1st Millennium - 2nd Millennium
* Ancient and Classical History: History and Social Studies
Britannia: British History

  Narrative histories of England, Wales, Scotland, London, timelines, biographies,
  glossaries, bibliographies, historical documents, places, events and people.
Celt: Celtic Studies
Celtic Digital Initiative
  - Modern Celts
School of Celtic Studies: Links
First Europe Tutorial
Transition from the Roman to the Early Medieval periods.
* Germanic Peoples: Portal:Ancient Germanic Culture
  - List of Germanic Peoples
Late Antiquity: Society for Late Antiquity
* Medieval & Renaissance
* Regional Genealogy and Local History: Europe
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HERALDRY, COATS of ARMS and MEDALS: Heraldry - Portal:Heraldry (
Coat of Arms)
* American College of Heraldry
Armorial Register - International Register of Arms - UK
  Includes the rationale and history behind the use and design of featured
  coats of arms along with the family biographies of the bearers.
Burke's Peerage - Burke's Peerage Library - A to Z Guide to Heraldic Terms (archived)
* Arts and Humanities: Heraldry: A Guide to Resources
Burke’s Peerage - The Official Website
Definitive guide to the genealogical history of the major royal, aristocratic
  and historical families of the United Kingdom, Ireland and the United States.

  - Article Library (archived)
  - Burke's Peerage & Gentry (archived)
* Cambridge University Heraldic & Genealogical Society
  Search Family Coat of Arms and Family Crest.
College of Arms: Resources
  Official repository of the coats of arms and pedigrees of English, Welsh,
  Northern Irish and Commonwealth families and their descendants.
Cyndi's List - Heraldry
* Elizabethan Heraldry
Family Crests, Coat of Arms
Harleian Society Series (pdf)
* Heraldic Visitation
"heraldic visitations" - Google™ Search
Heraldic Visitations of Staffordshire
* Heraldica on the World-Wide Web
Heraldry & Genealogy
Heraldry Links-A Free Learning Resource
Heraldry of the World: Heraldrywiki - Links
  Civic heraldry, i.e. coats of arms of countries,
  states, provinces, towns, villages, etc.
World Civic Heraldry
    Armorial web guide.
Heraldry on the Internet, Coats of Arms, Family Crests

* Institute of Heraldic & Genealogical Studies
* International Academy for the Promotion of Scientific Research
  Includes links for the promotion of genealogical and heraldic sciences.
  - List of Prizes, Medals and Awards
Medal: Medals of the World
Military Orders, Awards and Decorations
    - List of Military Decorations
Order (Honour)
  - Orders, Decorations, and Medals by Country
  - Royal Family Order
Russian Heraldry As It Is
  All about Russian heraldry.

Seal (device)
  Family identity may be found by seals in record sources,
  back to the twelfth century, as used by classes of men
  and women of lower status than baron or prelate, with
  particular individual distinct marks or naming designations.
  - Official Seal Generator.
Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.
  International organization dedicated to researching and
  re-creating the arts and skills of pre-17th-century Europe.
SCA College of Arms - Name Articles
    Directory of educational material regarding
    names, naming practices and related subjects.
↑ up

Medieval & Renaissance Studies: Medieval Studies
Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts
Simple and straightforward means to discover
  medieval manuscripts available on the web.
* Centre for Manuscript & Print Studies (CMPS) | Institute of English Studies
  Centre for Manuscript and Pritn Studies at the University of London.
* Consulting Medieval Manuscripts Online
* Digital Medieval Manuscripts
  Collections - Houghton Library - Harvard College Library
Digital Medieval Manuscripts - Monastic Studies Resources
* Digital Medievalist
  International web-based community for medievalists working with digital media.
Digital Scriptorium
  Medieval and renaissance manuscripts.
* Digitized Collections - Guide to Medieval Manuscript Research
  Library Guides at UChicago.
* e-codices – Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland
  Free access to all medieval and a selection of modern manuscripts
  of Switzerland by means of a virtual library.
* Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages & Renaissance:
Site Map
Current Institutional Subscribers: Resources
* Medieval Manuscripts Blog
  - Mammoth List of Digitised Manuscripts Hyperlinks (2018)
* Medieval Manuscripts on the Web (digitized manuscripts)
Philobiblon - University of California, Berkeley
  Free internet-based bio-bibliographical database of texts written
  in the various Romance vernaculars of the the Iberian Peninsula
  during the Middle Ages and the early Renaissance.
Renaissance Cultural Crossroads
* Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.
  Researching and re-creating the arts
  and skills of pre-17th-century Europe.
  - Atlantian Scribes:
A&S Links: Main
Atlantian A&S Links: Calligraphy & Illumination Examples
  - Cynscribe Heraldry
  - Medieval Names Archive
    Articles on medieval and renaissance
    authentic names for historical re-creators.
  - Tournaments Illuminated - Topic Index

MEDIEVAL: | Where the Middle Ages Begin
Category:Medieval People
Middle Ages: Portal:Middle Ages - Topic Outline of Medieval History
Anglo-Saxons: Transmitting the Anglo-Saxon Past
  Materials for the study of Anglo-Saxon England.
Anglo-Saxon Button Brooches: Typology, Genealogy, Chronology (pdf)
  - Anglo-Saxon Literature (Old English Literature)
  - ASNC: Research Projects (Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic) University of Cambridge
Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture
  - Ða Engliscan Gesiðas
  - English Language
  - International Society of Anglo-Saxonists
Kemble - The Anglo-Saxon Charters Website
Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England: Database - Reference
    (PASE) database to cover all of the recorded inhabitants of England
    from the late sixth to the end of the eleventh century; from a systematic
    examination of the available written sources for the period, including
    chronicles, saints’ Lives, charters, libri vitae, inscriptions, and coins.
Arnolfini Betrothal (book)
  Medieval Marriage and the Enigma of Van Eyck's Double Portrait.
Byzantine Empire: Portal:Byzantine Empire
  - Byzantine Studies
    - Byzantium
      Society for the promotion of Byzantine studies online.
  - Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire
    PBE period III (1025-1204).

Cistercians: Institute of Cistercian Studies
Cistercians in Yorkshire
    Cistercians, or 'White Monks', played a major role
    in the religious and economic life of medieval England.
* Cyndi's List - Medieval
* Domesday Book Online: Domesday Book - Britain's finest treasure
  Commissioned in December 1085 by William the Conqueror.
* Drawing and the Learned Tradition
  Pen and Parchment: Drawing in the Middle Ages
  - Peter of Poitiers' Genealogy of Christ [English]
a genealogist's sketchbook
      Medieval scroll: genealogy of Jesus.
Electronic Resources: Paleography & Codicology
  Program in Medieval Studies at UC Berkeley.

* End of Europe's Middle Ages
* English Medieval Legal Documents Wiki
  Collaborative database on the published sources of English
  medieval legal documents, with links to online sources.
* Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
France-Angleterre : manuscrits médiévaux entre 700 et 1200 |
* Google™ Groups : soc.genealogy.medieval
Medieval Genealogical Publications
Scholarly Analysis of Popular Topics
Harleian Society: Links To Related Websites
  - Harleian Collection
  - Harleian Society Publications
* Haskins Society (
Charles Homer Haskins)
  - The Haskins Society at Boston College
* Incunable: 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica - Incunabula
  Book, pamphlet, or broadside printed in Europe before the year 1501.
  - Incunable Collection (Rare Book and Special Collections)
    Reading Room, Library of Congress - USA.
  - ISTC (Incunabula Shorttitle Catalogue) - British Library
    International database of 15th-century European printing.
Manuscripts & Incunabula - Rinascimento - Research Guides at Harvard Library

Inter Libros
research guide for Classics, Byzantine and Medieval Studies.
* Islamic World to 1600
  History of Jewish Khazars, Khazar Turk, Khazarian Jews.

* Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies
"Lands of the Normans" in England (1204 - 1244)
Magna Charta: Ancestor Project
Project to provide profiles, biographical information
  and genealogical information about the immigrants
  to America who were descended from the Magna Charta
  Barons, with other immigrants to America with noble ancestry.

  - Medieval studies on the Internet.

Medieval Academy of America
Resources: Index Sites

* Medieval: All Articles - Wikipedia®
* Medieval and Renaissance Europe
* Medieval Chroniclers

* Medieval English Genealogy
Medieval English Urban History
  Provide historical information about cities
  and towns in England during the Middle Ages.

Medieval History - Topic Outline of Medieval History
1066: A Medieval Mosaic
  - Medieval: 800AD to 1500AD
  Follow the history of medieval Britain.
Timeline of the Middle Ages
* Medieval Mirror
  Speculum Humanae Salvationis 1324 - 1500
Medieval Sources Online - Manchester University Press
* Medieval Studies
  LibGuide at Stanford University.

Medieval Texts:Titles
* Medieval University
* NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources
* Online Medieval & Classical Library
* ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Отечественная история
  Medieval history, genealogy and Russian historiography.
People of Medieval Scotland: 1093–1314
Prosopography Research
  Prosopography is a means of profiling any group
  of recorded persons linked by any common factor.
Regnum Francorum Online
  Interactive maps and sources of the Frankish Kingdom 614-840.
* Resources for Medieval Art & Architecture: Resource Guides & Portals
Reti Medievali: Index
  - RM Library
Digital library specialized in medieval studies.  It allows
    an easy access to texts and promotes their diffusion.
* Science in the Middle Ages
  - VoS: Medieval Science
* Taxatio: Information

  Ecclesiastical taxation of England and Wales.

Renaissance - Topic Outline of the Renaissance
* Renaissance: The Elizabethan World
  - Life in Elizabethan England
    Compendium of common knowledge.
Useful Websites for Renaissance Studies
↑ up

ROYALTY: Divine Right of Kings - Mandate of Heaven -
Order of Succession
Cyndi's List - Royalty & Nobility
* List of Palaces
* Monarchy: List of Monarchs
  - Monarchies of Europe
Lists of Monarchs in the British Isles
      - List of English Monarchs
English Monarchs
          Complete history of the Kings and Queens of England.
          - Genealogy of the British Royal Family
Henry Project
            Ancestors of King Henry II of England.
            - Richard III Society


              - Tudor England 1485 to 1603
* Nobility (
Nobility News):
Landed Gentry - Peerage
Europäische Stammtafeln
"European Nobility": Pinterest - European Nobility
European Nobility 1400-1800
      - European History after 1450, by Cambridge University Press.

Peerage: Privilege of Peerage
Debrett's: Essential Guide to the Peerage
      Authority on etiquette, taste and achievement.
Peerage of Britain and Ireland by Date
Genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain
      as well as the royal families of Europe
Royal Family: Royal House
  - Almanach de Saxe Gotha - Online Royal Genealogical Reference
  - British Monarchy (Official Website): Royal Channel
Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
    British royal family and those linked to it via blood or marriage.
  - Google™ Groups :
    - Royal & Noble Families of the World
  - Henri van Oene's Royal Genealogies
European Royalty - Google™ Images
Genealogies of European Royal Families
    - List of Nicknames of European Royalty & Nobility
    - Royal Families in Europe
  - List of Royal Houses
  - Netty Royal:
Dedicated Websites - Genealogy - Links
  - New England Gateway Ancestors of Proven Royal Descent
  - Regestensuche : Regesta Imperii
    Romano-German kingship from the Carolingians to Maximilian I. (751-1519)
Royal Descent
The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants
to the American Colonies or the United States
      Who Were Themselves Notable or Left Descendants
      Notable in American History. With a 2008 Addendum,
      Coda, and Final Addition. One Volume in Two
      (USA), by Gary Boyd Roberts
  - The Old Booksmith: Royalty & Peerage Bibliography
    British and continental - royal and noble lineages and heraldry.
Unofficial Royalty | The Site for Royal News and Discussion
Quick Guide to Current Monarchs, Heirs, Lines of Successions and Official Websites
* Rulers
  - Guide & Index to Lists of Rulers
  - Living Biography & Specialty Sites
* Sovereignty
  - Almanach de Bruxelles
    Sovereign families of non-European countries.
↑ up

World Ancestry - Roots In Antiquity:
Ancient To Modern Genealogy and Family History ↑ upΛ
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